Genetic engineering, which entails removing genetic material from one creature and splicing it into the chromosomes of another, is expected to change agriculture in the near future. It has resulted in the emergence of a new class of organisms known as Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) (GMOs or Transgenic). GMO crops have several advantages, including increased yields and reduced pesticide and herbicide use. Today, genetically modified crops are thriving all over the world, notably in five key countries: the United States, Argentina, China, Canada, and Brazil. In 2014, GMO crops were planted on 181.5 million hectares around the world, with the United States accounting for 40.28 percent of that total. Today, genetically altered canola, corn, cotton, and soybeans account for about 5% of all canola, 13% of corn, 31% of cotton, and 51% of soybeans farmed around the world. Despite its enormous potential, the adoption and consumption of GMO crops in Nigeria should be approached with caution. Long-term scientific studies of their health and environmental consequences have yet to be conducted. This call is backed up by the ramifications of previous scientific discoveries. Nobody realised when DDT was discovered, for example, that spraying it over a large region would cause it to be bio-magnified via the food chain and concentrated hundreds of thousands of times in the human body. CFCs were heralded as a fantastic discovery when they were first developed – inert chemicals that were excellent carriers for aerosol sprays. The scavenging action of CFCs on ozone in the upper atmosphere was recognised only after millions of tonnes of CFCs were released into the atmosphere many years later. This study intends to illustrate not only the advantages of this new technology, but also the need for care when it comes to the acceptance and consumption of GM crops in Nigeria.
P. C. Aju
Department of Forestry and Environmental Management Technology, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo-Ohaji. P.M.B. 1472, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
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