Total Shading Strategies in Sustainable Housing Development in Oman

In hot-arid environments, total shade was introduced as one of the most important variables for increasing the thermal performance of buildings and their surroundings. The Eco-House at Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) was used as a case study, and the results were incorporated into a prototype housing project in Oman. The Eco-House project was designed and overseen by a group of academics and students from the college of engineering, led by the author. The University Projects Department constructed it on the university’s campus. The theoretical foundations, design, and implementation of the entire shading system employed in the project are presented in this article.

It was made of a light-weight, low-cost outer shell that wrapped around the building’s walls and roof, providing complete shade for the structure and its surroundings. Graphical shading charts and physical models were used to evaluate the shading elements in the system. To choose the best kind for each orientation, shading efficiencies were calculated and compared. The Eco-House discoveries were further improved such that they could be applied to a shaded prototype dwelling project. The shade was achieved through reciprocal shadowing of the dwelling masses, which was subsequently supplemented with a light-weight secondary roof shell and landscape components.

Author (S) Details

Awni K. Shaaban
Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, College of Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman.

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