Study on the Prevalence and Temporal Shifts of Various Diseases in a Closed Community: A Clinical Study from a Public Sector University

In the subject of public health, epidemiological research is an important issue. Despite the fact that a substantial number of such studies are accessible from teaching and non-teaching medical facilities (basic health units, rural health centres, and hospitals established at the district level by local government), no such data was available from any public or private university. As a result, the current research sought to uncover health issues among female students at a public university, as well as the temporal variations in the prevalence of these disorders over the course of a year. This will aid in the selection of drugs to be available in pharmacies, fiscal budget allocation, and the development of an appropriate health policy guideline. The data for almost 4000 female students between the ages of 20 and 25 who visited the university’s Medical Center in 2010 was collected for this study. On a similar pattern, the statistics were gathered for the year 2019. The most patients were seen during the first quarter of both years, according to the annals. Females had the greatest upper respiratory tract infections, followed by allergic rhinitis/spasm, especially in the winter (December, January, and February) and early spring (March, April, and May) (March). The prevalence of various illnesses, as well as temporal fluctuations, were shown to be statistically significant (P 0.001). During the year 2019, there was a significant increase in the frequency of URTIs, allergies, acid peptic disease, and GIT infections, as well as a significant increase in the prevalence of anaemia. There was a statistically significant difference in the occurrence of these illnesses (p.001).


Overcrowding and poor personal cleanliness were clearly linked to the occurrence of most diseases, including scabies, according to the study. It was also established that some illnesses, such as acid peptic disease, were linked to mental stress, while others (anaemia and gastrointestinal diseases) were caused by nutritional imbalances, inadequate hygiene, and a bad diet. The findings suggest that the community’s living conditions be improved, and that mass awareness of personal health and hygiene be established by involving specialists in lectures and seminars. The centre should also be well-equipped with sufficient diagnostic facilities to ensure efficient functioning. Furthermore, enhancing the institution’s health care standards will require an overall rise in health expenditure.

Author (S) Details

Samina Rafique

Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.

Waseem Sarwar

Department of General Surgery, Unit 2, Nishtar Medical College and Hospital, Multan, Pakistan.

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