Study on Surgical Video Training: Virtual Learning Curve without Surgery using 30 Consecutive Videos Cases


The goal of this study was to evaluate technical skill improvement after 30 consecutive video cases during young surgeons training or training during a novel technique using YouTube and other platforms as a potential training aid for young surgeons. Surgeons have utilised online platforms to engage with one another since 1999, when DiNucci et al created the phrase “Web 2.0.” YouTube is one of these platforms and is quickly becoming one of the most important sources of internet-based medical information. The usage of interactive films has altered surgical education. Videos should be used in addition to normal surgical teaching techniques since they appear to shorten learning curves for complex procedures and have the ability to detect discrepancies in operative technique and their impact on patient outcomes. Surgical video learning (SVL) has emerged as an emergent concept in surgery as a result of this evolution. YouTube can be a useful tool for young surgeons in terms of training, but it’s vital to evaluate the quality of videos and apply video-learning criteria to do so. During our literature review, we discovered that a quality assessment of videos and video-learning criteria were required. Because of the use of very short films, lack of step-by-step methods, incorrect procedure, and low quality video, SVL has numerous problems in terms of education. For these reasons, various authors debated whether video learning is a friend or foe for surgeons in terms of learning. We chose films based on the amount of views, video lengths between 5 and 10 minutes, video sources (main centre), and video quality. We analysed the current data for video-based surgical education approaches, analysing the benefits and drawbacks in teaching technical and nontechnical surgical abilities, and proposed a learning curve improvement criteria of 30 films for each surgical procedure, dubbed the “Virtual Learning Curve” (VLC).

Author (s) Details

Danilo Coco
Department of General Surgery, Ospedali Riuniti Marche Nord, Pesaro (PU), Italy.

Silvana Leanza
Department of General Surgery, Carlo Urbani Hospital, Jesi, Ancona, Italy.

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