Study on Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome and Oral Cavity Disorders

Sjögren’s Syndrome (SS) is one of the world’s three most prevalent autoimmune illnesses, characterised by inflammation of the exocrine glands, particularly the salivary and lachrymal glands. Secondary SS is connected with other systemic autoimmune diseases, whereas primary SS (pSS) only affects these glands. Histopathologically, SS is distinguished by an inflammatory lymphocytic infiltration that results in a gradual loss of glandular secretory function.

It is more frequent in women (9:1 vs men), primarily after the menopause at the age of 50.

The function of the medical dentist is critical in the diagnosis of pSS. In several situations, he is the one who notices the first symptoms, most notably dry mouth, also known as xerostomia.

The primary condition does not have a painful onset, with dry mouth and eye dryness being the most conspicuous clinical features. The majority of oral evidences are the result of salivary gland hypofunction, such as dental caries, periodontal disease, or fungal infections. Along with hyposalivation and xerostomia, communication issues such as dysphagia and pharyngeal dryness can arise, resulting in difficulty speaking and voice fatigue.

This study updates the influence of pSS on patient life quality, with an emphasis on voice and other communication problems. There is a need to raise awareness about the speech issues related with pSS and connect patients to appropriate professional care.

Author(S) Details

Soares, Sandra Clara
Fernando Pessoa Energy, Environment and Health Research Unite/ Biomedical Research Center (FP-ENAS/CEBIMED), Faculty of Health Sciences, Fernando Pessoa University, Porto, Portugal.

Castro, Ana Rita
Fernando Pessoa Energy, Environment and Health Research Unite/ Biomedical Research Center (FP-ENAS/CEBIMED), Faculty of Health Sciences, Fernando Pessoa University, Porto, Portugal.

Chapela, Sara Cendon
Clinica Dental Paula González Chapela, Vigo, Spain, Faculty of Health Sciences, Fernando Pessoa University, Porto, Portugal.

View Book:- https://stm.bookpi.org/NHMMR-V2/article/view/6131

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