Study on Normative Values for Active Lumbar Range of Motion in Children and Confounding Factors that Affects the Active Lumbar Range of Motion

The goal of this study was to uncover confounding factors that affect the lumbar range and establish normative values for active lumbar movement in children aged five, seven, nine, and eleven.

Methods: Using a dual inclinometric approach, the end range active flexion, extension, and right- and left-side bending of the lumbar spine were measured in 400 normally developing youngsters (200 girls, 200 boys). Age and sex were used to get the averages for each motion. The links between groups were investigated.

The cardinal plane motions of the lumbar spine were shown to have normative values. Poor (25th), moderate (between 25th and 75th), good (between 75th and 95th), and very good (>95th) flexibility levels were determined using percentiles. For all participants, the mean values for forward flexion, extension, right, and left lateral flexions were 55.9+17, 21.8+6, 15.2+5.1, and 14.9+5 degrees, respectively.

Conclusion: Therapists can use normative data for cardinal plane motions of the lumbar spine to measure spinal mobility in children of these ages. Without regard to gender, increasing age was linked to a decrease in spinal flexibility. These figures can be applied to clinical situations.

Author(S) Details

Sanjeevni Sawale
Physio and Health Matters, England, United Kingdom.

Richa Bisen
Electrotherapy and Electrodiagnosis department at Smt. Kashibai Navale College of Physiotherapy, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Pune, India.

E. Senthil Kumar
Sri Devaraj URS Academy of Higher Education, Kolar, Karnataka, India.

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