Study about Artificial Intelligence: An Approach towards Robots and Philosophy in Surgery

So much progress has been made in AI (Artificial Intelligence) in just two years… The first person who comes to mind is mathematician Alan Turing, who finished a philosophising on a dilemma in which a part feigned not to be present with: Writing papers that could be the cornerstone of current computer technology [1]. The term AI (Artificial Intelligence) encompasses all efforts to provide computer systems with certain capabilities [2]. The issue fascinates and even terrifies you, because conflict inevitably occurs as events unfold and potential threats loom. It’s not so much that AI (artificial intelligence) unlocks a door that was previously closed (if a philosophical analogy can be made), but rather that it reveals a fundamental issue, namely its proper development. The goal of instilling intricate values like justice, kindness, and love into an intelligent machine is already difficult, but progress is being made. What would Turing think of a machine that can think for itself?

High-performance machines are already used in medicine and will continue to be used in the future. “Robots will be used more commonly in the operating room in 10 years,” says Jess Moreno, a doctor from the Spanish Society for Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery. 4 The revised history of robotic surgery [3] began with the PUMA 560 (° r), which evolved into two prototypes for prostatectomy and trauma surgery, PROBOT (° r) and ROBODOC (° r). The AESOP is a robotic arm that carries a laparoscopic camera in an endoscopic system for abdominal surgery. The ZEUS (° R) robot came at the turn of the century, expanding its range of applications to include urological integration. The Zeus robot is a three-armed robot with a left and right arm that mimic the surgeon’s arms, as well as a third arm controlled by an AESOP voice command. The DA VINCI (° r) robotic surgical system, which consists of three components: a visualisation trolley, a surgeon’s station (arms with seven sliding areas and a computer system with three-dimensional views), and a mobile car, was developed in this manner (with more arms). The SRI (Standford Research Institute) developed this robot, with the first version hitting the market in 1997 [4] and receiving FDA approval. Its disadvantage may be that it is still a massive robot with numerous connections.

Robotic surgery has advanced dramatically in the twenty-first century, both in terms of models and sizes.

It’s also rather impressive. (I’d go so far as to say it’s terrifying) Or how about Isaac Asimov, the author? When he released I Robot in 1950, he was still a long way from the digital age. Today, the two of them could be witnesses to AI (artificial intelligence) in all of its forms, acting as digital assistants not only for mobile phones, but also for social media platforms like Facebook, Microsoft, and Google [5].

But, as Nick Bostrom cautioned in an interview earlier this year, “be careful.”

If we can’t control it, we risk giving way to the reality of a super-intelligent system that prioritises the attainment of its own values over ours [6]. Before this interview, the Swedish philosopher had previously suggested something about superintelligence two years ago.

Author(S) Details

Jaime Hinzpeter
Department of Traumatology, Clinical Hospital, University of Chile, Chile.

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