Farm ponds or irrigation ponds are an environmental feature with characteristics crossing over traditional urban and natural conditions, offering a critical habitat for diverse bird populations. In this analysis, on the local and landscape scales, the species richness and community structure of irrigation ponds were characterised. 45 ponds, ranging in area from 0.2 to 20.47 ha, were surveyed within a landscape complex in Taiwan’s Taoyuan Tableland. In total, after surveying, 94 species and 15,053 individual birds were reported four times. By comparing the responses of functional groups to pond configurations, the relationship between ponds and birds was determined to create the impact of pond dimensions on species richness and community composition in the complex. Seven functional avian classes have been observed. There was a greater link with pond variables compared with landbirds (i.e., Alcedinidae, Apodidae, Icteridae and Sturnidae families), waterbirds (i.e., Anatidae, Ardeidae, Charadriidae, Podicipedidae, and Scolopacidae families). Our research offers significant evidence that wintering waterbirds have been affected by these artificial ponds. The final results of this study can help stakeholders and land managers identify areas where waterbird habitats in pond areas are not considered for large-scale solar installations.
School of Forestry and Resource Conservation, National Taiwan University, Taipei City 10617, Taiwan.
Department of Biology, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua City 50007, Taiwan.
Graduate Institute of Environmental Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei City 11606, Taiwan.
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