Rural women in occupational diversification were the subject of the study: a strategy for economic empowerment. In order to be economically motivated since agriculture is rain-fed and seasonal, rural women are engaged in occupational diversification. This is to encourage them to be financially strong in order to take care of their family obligations during off-season periods and maintain household food security. In addition , a number of factors could be related to rural women’s diversification into different occupations, namely: overcoming risks of crop failure, seasonality of farming activities, source of additional income, shortage of farm labour, improved transport facilities, expanded family obligations, and proximity to urban markets. Rural women continue to struggle with the dual roles of economic development and domestic labour and, for the most part, face the challenges of poverty , illiteracy, high health risks and sufficient access to productive capital. THE study suggests that government policies and initiatives should encourage the creation of human resources by equipping rural women with the skills required to work in different on-farm and non-farm jobs. It also highlights the need for appropriate policy formulation and implementation that will address the needs of rural women engaged in occupational diversification for economic empowerment.
Author (s) Details
Dr. E. N. Mbah
Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.
E. T. Yanjoh
Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Akperan Orshi College of Agriculture, Yandev, Benue State, Nigeria.
Dr. Jabil, I. Yerima
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture and AgriculturalTechnology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria.
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