Responsibility and Valence as Factors in Recognition and Confidence in Recognition of Words


As a result of perceived responsibility, both clinical and nonclinical populations may have major cognitive repercussions. Individuals with greater responsibility show a positive memory bias, but also a drop in metamemory for salient stimuli. Stimulus salience increases recall via directive attention but may decrease metamemory, particularly in nervous individuals. Progressive exposure to emotionally salient stimuli has been proposed to impair memory confidence while having no effect on memory accuracy in OCD patients and nonclinical participants with OCD symptoms. Perceived responsibility is associated with a positive memory bias for unfavourable stimuli and decreased memory confidence. The current study investigated the association between responsibility, as judged by the Responsibility Attitude Scale (RAS), recognition, and confidence in recognising words with variable valence in a healthy population. The RAS was administered to 85 healthy participants before to their participation in a word recognition test. The findings revealed that responsibility attitude had no effect on memory accuracy or confidence for words with a negative, positive, or neutral valence. Furthermore, while word valence had no effect on recall confidence, it did influence memory accuracy. The utilisation of responsibility-relevant stimuli is one of the future research implications.

Author(S) Details

Kallia Manoussaki
University of the West of Scotland, Almada Street, Hamilton, ML3 0JB, Scotland.

Evangeli Karali
University of the West of Scotland, Almada Street, Hamilton, ML3 0JB, Scotland.

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