A reconfigurable antenna using micro mechanical actuation switches for K and Ku-band applications has been proposed in the current chapter. For the design of reconfigurable patch antennas, two identical cantilever micro mechanical switches (S1 & S2) are used in general. Using various switches such as PIN diodes, variable diodes, MEMS switches, field effecting transistors, optical controlled switches, the switch-based reconfigurable antennas can be constructed. The switches operate through the process of electrostatic actuation. With the switches, the antenna usually supplies four resonant frequencies depending on the ON / OFF state of the switches. The insulation loss of the micro mechanical switches is -18.5dB and the insertion loss is -1dB. Based on the various switching conditions of RF MEMS switches, the proposed reconfigurable antenna resonates at four different frequencies. If both S1 & S2 are ON, the antenna resonates at 16.9GHZ, if the antenna resonates at 47.3GHZ & 59.1GHZ, if S1 -ON & S2-OFF The antenna resonates at 28.4GHZ if S1 -OFF & S2-OFF, and the antenna resonates at 27.9GHZ if S1 -OFF & S2-OFF.
Author (s) Details
Sathuluri Mallikharjuna Rao
Department of ECE, Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University), Chennai, Tamilnadu, India and Department of ECE, Andhra Loyola Institute of Engineering and Technology, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Dr. G. Sasikala
Department of ECE, Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed to be University), Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.
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