Reaching LDL-C Goals Using Nudges: A Review of Literatures
To analyse the literature and determine how nudges can assist a physician in meeting his or her patients’ LDL-C targets. Modifying cardiovascular risk factors can help lower the rate of coronary events in high-risk patients. In the United States and most European countries, coronary heart disease is the leading cause of mortality (CHD). Hypercholesterolemia is the most important risk factor for coronary artery disease. Both high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) are major risk factors for coronary artery disease (CHD). HMG-CoA inhibitors are the most effective medication for lowering LDL-C levels and, as a result, reduce cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. When a decision architecture is built to consistently control behaviour without limiting an individual’s choices, it is referred to as a nudge. In order to be effective, the direction and force of a nudge should be compatible with professional standards. The essay discussed how patients’ and physicians’ actions contributed to the rise in cardiovascular disease prevalence. Nudges, whether digital or manual (using post-its), can persuade doctors to be more proactive and increase patient adherence to therapy. The patient-physician relationship must be built on trust in order to attain these goals. Nudges can be a useful management technique for guiding healthcare providers’ right behaviour. The goal is to persuade doctors that they are beneficial rather than obnoxious or domineering.
Reagan F. Cabahug
Davao Medical School Foundation, Philippines and Metro Davao Medical and Research Center, Philippines.
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