Promotion of Lifestyle Modification in the Management of Hypertension Using Social Cognitive Theory: Perspectives for Pharmacists
Hypertension is a global public health issue, and health professionals’ advocacy of lifestyle modification (PLM) is an important part of hypertension care. Although community pharmacists play an important role in community healthcare, their opinions on PLM among individuals with hypertension have not been investigated in Nigeria. Using in-depth interviews and social cognition theory as the guiding framework, a phenomenological study was done to chronicle the viewpoints of community pharmacists on PLM. The goal was to learn about community pharmacists’ attitudes on their duties and actual practise of PLM in individuals with hypertension. Twelve community pharmacists were interviewed about their knowledge, experiences, and impediments to practising PLM. Three categories (perception of roles, perception of practise, and pharmacy school curriculum) and an overarching theme emerged from a thematic analysis of transcribed data to capture community pharmacists’ opinions on PLM in hypertension. The overriding topic was that cognitive factors, pharmacy school training, agency (self-efficacy and patient factors), and social structure all influence community pharmacists’ roles and practise of PLM among hypertension patients (stakeholders and environmental factors). These findings may aid in the development of appropriate treatments that will allow community pharmacists to make a more meaningful contribution to the management of hypertension in adults through PLM.
Alumnus, Faculty of Public Health, School of Health Sciences, Walden University, United States.