Outbreaks and Epidemics of Superficial Dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes Complex and Microsporum canis: An Approach to Global and Indian Scenario
Until recently, superficial dermatophytosis, often known as tinea, was thought to be a simple skin illness that could be easily treated. There were sporadic outbreaks and epidemics of superficial dermatophytosis in the past. Due to severe, unusual, and recalcitrant dermatophytosis, the clinical presentation has recently changed dramatically. Treating such infections is a significant challenge to clinicians.
Dermatophytosis is a superficial fungal infection of keratinized tissue (skin, hair, and nails) caused by dermatophytes (fungus). It is caused by three dermatophyte genera: Trichophyton, Epidermophyton, and Microsporum. Traditional laboratory diagnostic procedures have now been validated by molecular characterisation. Previously, outbreaks were usually caused by anthropophilic dermatophytes. Many outbreaks and epidemics are now caused by zoophilic dermatophytes. We need to be equipped with the means to deal with the current situation, because the competency of the employees working in state-of-the-art laboratories is required for effective treatment and epidemiological research. Because dermatophytosis is of public health importance, an accurate diagnosis, source of infection, and treatment are critical.
Shivam Orthocare, Hamirpur Road, Una, Himachal Pradesh, India and Department of Microbiology, Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Avneet Singh Kalsi
Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India.