News Update on Sustainable Tourism Research: May – 2019

From the traditional understanding of tourism destination to the smart tourism destination

The paper reviews the evolution of key tourism destination concepts, with the aim to emphasize the extent of changes that occurred in understanding the term ‘destination’ over the past decades. A special emphasis is placed on the concept of smart tourism destinations, since this is a recent concept that strongly relies on the systemic concept, and represents a completely different understanding of a destination, as opposed to the traditional concept. The digital revolution has led to the emergence of concept of smart destinations in which knowledge and information are accessible to all stakeholders, facilitating them to carry out continuous innovation of their activities, as much as possible. Without using digital technologies enabling adequate public–private–consumer collaboration, it is almost impossible nowadays to achieve successful market valorization of destinations’ geographical attributes.[1]

Can community-based tourism contribute to sustainable development? Evidence from residents’ perceptions of the sustainability

In this paper, the research gaps in sustainable tourism development were addressed by examining residents’ perceptions of the sustainability of community-based tourism based on tourism area life cycle theory. The survey questionnaire was distributed to the residents of six Taiwanese communities, and it was designed to determine the residents’ perceptions of the economic, socio-cultural, environmental, and life satisfaction sustainability of tourism. In total, 849 usable questionnaires were collected. The analytical results further elucidated the sustainability of nature-based tourism and suggested that the economic, socio-cultural, and environmental sustainability varied significantly in the consolidation, development, and involvement stages of community-based tourism development. The four dimensions of sustainability were evaluated according to the pre- and post-development perceptions of tourism sustainability, and significantly different results were obtained. The study concludes that the residents’ perceptions differed across the developmental stages; thus, managers should consider the development opportunities and adopt appropriate strategies across different development stages.[2]

Sustainable Tourism Marketing Strategy: Competitive Advantage of Destination

The chapter describes how sustainable tourism marketing strategy can bring competitive advantage to a destination. It defines tourism destinations; characterizes the principles of sustainable tourism development and its role in competitiveness of the destination. The chapter also shows a destination´ best practice in the implementation of sustainable tourism marketing strategy. The destination was subject to research using onsite and internet surveys, semi-structured and informal interview and the results were subjected to evaluation using the VRIO model. [3]

Heritage status could safeguard fossil beds

It is alarming that phosphate mining in Weng’an in southwest China has destroyed important Late Precambrian fossil beds from around 600 million years ago (Nature 544, 403; 2017). We suggest that scientists campaign for Weng’an to be recognized as a World Heritage Site under the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Developing such fossil sites for research and sustainable tourism could help to offset the costs of reducing mining activity.

Weng’an county is poor — the average household income was 27% below the national average in 2015. Mining generates more than 60% of the county’s annual revenue. Stopping unregulated mining would entail costly worker compensation and rehabilitation. Polluted sites would also need to be cleaned up.

Happily, lessons can be learnt from a fossil site some 700 kilometres away, the Chengjiang Cambrian Lagerstätte (see D.-G. Shu et alNature414, 419–424; 2001). This saw a similar conflict around 17 years ago. After a lengthy dispute, the site was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2012, thanks to interventions by and support from domestic and international scientists. Mining stopped and more than 7 million tourists visited the site and nearby Fuxian Lake in 2016. The attraction last year generated about 3.8 billion yuan (US$0.6 billion) [4]

Model of Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy of the Thousand Islands Tourism Area – Jakarta

Aims/objective: To design a model of sustainable tourism development strategy in small islands tourism areas in developing countries so that the development of tourism can eliminate environmental problems that endanger the sustainability of tourism resources and threats to the economic welfare of local communities

Design: This paper utilizes strategic management concepts through an analytical framework formulation approach which consists of SWOT analysis, alternative strategy, quantitative strategic planning matrix and choice of sustainable tourism development strategy and ends with the modeling of strategy development of sustainable tourism

Methodology: According to the data and analysis, this approach is a qualitative approach, utilizing the Miles and Huberman model analytics. The technique of taking the number of participants is a snowball sampling

Results: This paper introduces the concept of a strategic model of sustainable tourism development that is easier to apply to small islands surveys so that it will be useful for all stakeholders in different areas of small islands conservation. [5]


[1] Jovicic, D.Z., 2019. From the traditional understanding of tourism destination to the smart tourism destination. Current Issues in Tourism22(3), pp.276-282. (Web Link)

[2] Lee, T.H. and Jan, F.H., 2019. Can community-based tourism contribute to sustainable development? Evidence from residents’ perceptions of the sustainability. Tourism Management70, pp.368-380. (Web Link)

[3] Kiráľová, A., 2019. Sustainable Tourism Marketing Strategy: Competitive Advantage of Destination. In Sustainable Tourism: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice (pp. 183-206). IGI Global. (Web Link)

[4] Heritage status could safeguard fossil beds

Hong YangMingguo MaRoger J Flower

Nature volume546, page210 (08 June 2017) (Web Link)

[5] Sulistyadi, Y., Eddyono, F. and Hasibuan, B. (2017) “Model of Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy of the Thousand Islands Tourism Area – Jakarta”, Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, 19(1), pp. 1-17. doi: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/35989. (Web Link)

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