News Update on Buddhism Research: Aug – 2019

Zen Buddhism and psychoanalysis

The 2 systems of thought square measure compared with a watch for doable syntheses. supported lectures given at the Cuernavaca, North American country conference in 1957. (PsycINFO info Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) [1]

World conqueror and world renouncer: a study of Buddhism and polity in Thailand against a historical background

World master and World Renouncer is that the initial comprehensive and authoritative work on the link between Buddhism and therefore the polity (political organization) in Kingdom of Thailand. The book conveys the historical background necessary for full comprehension of the modern structural relationship between Buddhism, the sangha (monastic order), and therefore the polity, as well as the historic establishment of rank. prof Tambiah delineates the relationship, as postulated in early Buddhism, between the monk’s supernatural quest on one facet and therefore the this-worldly ordinating role of the autarchy on the opposite. He conjointly examines the complementary and dialectical tensions that occur during this classical relationship, the king’s duty to each defend and purify the sangha being a notable example. [2]

Buddhism and the Spirit Cults in North-East Thailand

Dr Tambiah describes the non secular practices and beliefs of the individuals of a foreign village in north-east Asian nation, relating them to the broader context of the civilization during which they’re embedded, and examining the link of the non secular practices of the villagers to the classical Buddhist tradition. as a result of they need primarily based their studies on the Indic and Prakrit literature, Western observers have attended dismiss abundant of the popular manifestation of Buddhism as debased. Dr Tambiah demonstrates that this judgement is dishonest , and emphasizes that the up to date village faith that he describes manifests continuities yet as transformations with relevance the classical literary tradition. The village faith is represented primarily through ritual. [3]

Cultural additivity: behavioural insights from the interaction of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism in folktales

Computational folkloristics, that is unmoving within the movement to create lore studies additional scientific, has reworked the means researchers in humanities discover patterns of cultural transmission in massive lore collections. This knowledge domain study contributes to the literature through its application of Bayesian statistics in analyzing Vietnamese lore. By breaking down 307 stories in widespread Vietnamese folktales and major story collections and categorizing their core messages below the values or anti-values of philosophical theory, Buddhism, and Taoism, the study shows however the Bayesian methodology helps discover an underlying behavioral development known as “cultural additivity.” [4]

Trickster-Like Teachings in Tibetan Buddhism: Shortcuts towards Destroying Illusions

Trickster-like Hindu deity teachings in Lamaism behave as a form of shortcuts within the approach to leading folks on the trail of enlightenment. This essay collects 3 such teachings of various levels towards destroying illusions, i.e., Buddha’s silence, Guru’s contradiction, and Ego’s kleshas. they’re necessary as “an ace up the sleeve” for Buddha to destruct disciples’ metaphysical mire, for Guru to steer community toward excellent transcendence, and for people to realize self-consciousness. [5]

Reference

[1] Fromm, E., Suzuki, D.T. and De Martino, R., 1960. Zen Buddhism and psychoanalysis. (Web Link)

[2] Tambiah, S.J., 1976. World conqueror and world renouncer: A study of Buddhism and polity in Thailand against a historical background (p. 565). Cambridge University Press. (Web Link)

[3] Tambiah, S.J., 1970. Buddhism and the spirit cults in north-east Thailand. Cambridge University Press. (Web Link)

[4] Cultural additivity: behavioural insights from the interaction of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism in folktales

Quan-Hoang Vuong, Quang-Khiem Bui, Viet-Phuong La, Thu-Trang Vuong, Viet-Ha T. Nguyen, Manh-Toan Ho, Hong-Kong T. Nguyen & Manh-Tung Ho

Palgrave Communicationsvolume 4, Article number: 143 (2018) (Web Link)

[5] G. Ma, Z. (2018) “Trickster-Like Teachings in Tibetan Buddhism: Shortcuts towards Destroying Illusions”, Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 5(1), pp. 1-9. doi: 10.9734/ARJASS/2018/38108. (Web Link)

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