Locus of Control and Self-Efficacy Behaviors among Premarital Egyptian Women: An Approach towards Impact of Preconception Educational Interventions

Background: Preconception care programmes aim to improve women’s health and well-being before they become pregnant. Aim: To assess the effectiveness of an educational premarital programme aimed at empowering Egyptian premarital women with the concepts of self-efficacy and locus of control behaviours.

MMethods: 84 premarital females were recruited conveniently from five primary health care centres in Port Said City, Egypt, using a quasi-experimental, quantitative (pre/post one group) research design. Data was collected using two main tools: the locus of control scale and the self-efficacy of diet and physical workouts, which were used to assess adults’ self-efficacy for diet (fat, salt) and exercise.

Results: The average age of the women was 23.26 4.2, with the majority having a bachelor’s degree and being unemployed. With a p-value of 0.000, the difference between pre and post total mean score of internal and external locus of control, self-efficacy of eating healthy foods, and motivated behaviour connected to physical activities was highly statistically significant.

Conclusion: Preconception educational intervention had a positive effect on empowering a sense of locus of control and self-efficacy behaviours among study participants, as evidenced by a statistically significant difference between pre-test and post-test of multidimensional locus of control through improving their self-efficacy regarding eating and exercise

Recommendation: Integrate preconception educational programmes into PMC services to ensure the dissemination of information related to locus of control behaviours, healthy lifestyles, and motivation behaviour of regular physical exercises, which will improve reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes for future Egyptian mothers.

Author (s) Details

Prof. Amal I. Khalil
Faculty of Nursing, Menoufyia University, Egypt and College of Nursing, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, KSA.

Associate professor Howieda Fouly
College of Nursing, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, KSA and Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Egypt.

Reda I. Elmowafy
Department of Family and Community Health Nursing, Port Said University, Egypt.

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