Fruit and vegetables, and cardiovascular disease: a review.

BACKGROUND: Increased interest in the potential cardio-protective effects of fruit and vegetables is currently unsupported by systematic reviews of the reported associations of these foods with risk. [1]

Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals

Cardiovascular disease and cancer are ranked as the first and second leading causes of death in the United States and in most industrialized countries. [2]

Epidemiologic evidence of the protective effect of fruit and vegetables on cancer risk

Background: Diets rich in fruit and vegetables have been recommended for preventing cancer. The evidence supporting this recommendation is based on observational studies, although results of several prospective studies have cast some doubts on whether fruit and vegetables are associated with cancer risk reduction. [3]

An Analysis of Vegetables and Fruits Production Scenario in Nepal

Agriculture contributes on an average one third to total Gross Domestic Product. It is the major source of employment for the majority of people in Nepal. Productivity of vegetables is in increasing trends after 1991/92 up to 2015/16 but fruits productivity is in decreasing trend after 2009/10. Summer fruits share above 62% of total fruit area and production while terai region share more than third fourth of total summer fruits both in area and production. Mango and banana are the most dominant summer fruits in terms of area and production. [4]

 Efficacy of Some Plant Aqueous Extracts and Waxes in the Preservation of Some Fruits and Vegetables

Aim: The preservative effect of waxes (paraffin and ester) in addition to buffers (pH 9 and 10) and aqueous extracts (P. biglobosa pod, G. senegalensis and B. aeyptiaca leaves) were studied on fruits and vegetables. [5]

Reference

[1] Ness, A.R. and Powles, J.W., 1997. Fruit and vegetables, and cardiovascular disease: a review. International Journal of epidemiology26(1), pp.1-13.

[2] Liu, R.H., 2003. Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals. The American journal of clinical nutrition78(3), pp.517S-520S.

[3] Riboli, E. and Norat, T., 2003. Epidemiologic evidence of the protective effect of fruit and vegetables on cancer risk. The American journal of clinical nutrition78(3), pp.559S-569S.

[4] Pandey, G., Basnet, S., Pant, B., Bhattarai, K., Gyawali, B. and Tiwari, A., 2017. An Analysis of Vegetables and Fruits Production Scenario in Nepal. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, pp.1-10.

[5] Bukar, A. and Magashi, A.M., 2013. Efficacy of Some Plant Aqueous Extracts and Waxes in the Preservation of Some Fruits and Vegetables. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, pp.1368-1379.

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