Latest News on Corchorus Olitorius Research: Sep – 2019

Phenolic Antioxidants from the Leaves of Corchorus olitorius L.

Six synthetic resin antioxidative compounds [5-caffeoylquinic acid (chlorogenic acid), 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, quercetin 3-galactoside, quercetin 3-glucoside, quercetin 3-(6-malonylglucoside), and quercetin 3-(6-malonylgalactoside) (tentative)] were known from the leaves of Corchorus olitorius L. (moroheiya) by nuclear magnetic resonance and FAB-MS. The contents of those synthetic resin compounds, antioxidant, and α-tocopherol in C. olitorius leaves were determined, and their antioxidative activities were measured exploitation the unconventional generator-initiated peroxidation of linolic acid. The results obtained showed that 5-caffeoylquinic acid was a predominant synthetic resin inhibitor in C. olitorius leaves. [1]

The in vitro Antibacterial Activity of Corchorus olitorius Extracts

The presence study was meted out to analyze on the potential bactericide activity of methyl alcohol (MECO) and chloroform (CECO) extracts of Corchorus olitorius (Senaung betina) exploitation the in vitro disc diffusion strategies. The sterilized blank discs (6 metric linear unit diameter) was fertile with twenty μL of the various extract (in the concentration of ten,000; 20,000; 40,000 and 50,000 ppm) and tested against Corneybacterium contagious disease, staphylococci aureus (ATCC 25923), eubacteria Cereus, Proteus vulgaris, staphylococci epidermidis, Kosuria rhizophila, enterobacteria flexneri, Escherichia coli (O 157), Aeromonas hydrophila and Listeria monocytogenes. The MECO and CECO, the least bit concentrations, were effective against C. diptheria and K. rhozophila with the latter conjointly effective against S. aureus and B. cereus. At the concentration of forty,000 ppm and higher than, the MECO was effective solely against S. aureus, B. [2]

Inhibitory effect of polyphenol-rich extracts of jute leaf (Corchorus olitorius) on key enzyme linked to type 2 diabetes (α-amylase and α-glucosidase) and hypertension (angiotensin I converting) in vitro

Corchorus olitorius leaf is consumed in numerous elements of the planet as greens and people remedy for the management of some chronic diseases with dearth of knowledge on its organic chemistry principle. Therefore, this study wanted to characterize the restrictive action of polyphenol-rich extracts (free and bound) of C. olitorius on α-amylase, α-glucosidase and angiotonin changing accelerator (ACE), furthermore on determine the phenolic resin compound to blame for these activities. [3]

Nupserha bicolor Thoms., subsp. Postbrunnea Breun.: a New Pest on Jute (Corchorus olitorius Linn.)

DAS1 recently compiled an inventory of insect and mite pests of the 2 cultivated species of jute, namely, Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius. A pest, as yet unrecorded in Bharat, was detected in olitorius jute throughout 1949 on the farm of the Jute Agricultural analysis Institute, and was known by the Commonwealth Institute of zoology, London, as Nupserha dichromatic Thoms., subsp. postbrunnea Breun. The blighter has since been found to be a very important one for all the forms of C. olitorius, whereas the capsularis varieties show resistance to that. [4]

Varietal Performance of Jute Mallow (Corchorus olitorius) as Affected by Different rates of Cow Dung Manure on an Ultisol, Kogi State, Nigeria

Field experiments were conducted at agriculture Section of Kabba faculty of Agriculture to research the consequences of various rates of garbage manure on the expansion and yield of 3 kinds of jute bush. The experiment was a factorial, consisted of 4 levels of garbage, that were zero t/ha, 2.5 t/ha, five t/ha and ten t/ha and 3 kinds of jute bush that were Onyan, Angbadu and Oniyaya. The experiments were set get in a randomised complete block style and replicated thrice. Fifteen plants from every plot were willy-nilly selected  and used for the assessment of growth characters and fruit characters. information collected were subjected to the applied math analysis of variance procedure whereas, the mean treatments were separated victimisation least important distinction. [5]

Reference

[1] Azuma, K., Nakayama, M., Koshioka, M., Ippoushi, K., Yamaguchi, Y., Kohata, K., Yamauchi, Y., Ito, H. and Higashio, H., 1999. Phenolic antioxidants from the leaves of Corchorus olitorius L. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 47(10), (Web Link)

[2] Zakaria, Z.A., Somchit, M.N., Zaiton, H., Mat Jais, A.M., Sulaiman, M.R., Farah, W.O., Nazaratulmawarina, R. and Fatimah, C.A., 2006. The in vitro antibacterial activity of Corchorus olitorius extracts. Int J Pharmacol, 2(2), (Web Link)

[3] Oboh, G., Ademiluyi, A.O., Akinyemi, A.J., Henle, T., Saliu, J.A. and Schwarzenbolz, U., 2012. Inhibitory effect of polyphenol-rich extracts of jute leaf (Corchorus olitorius) on key enzyme linked to type 2 diabetes (α-amylase and α-glucosidase) and hypertension (angiotensin I converting) in vitro. Journal of Functional Foods, 4(2), (Web Link)

[4] Nupserha bicolor Thoms., subsp. Postbrunnea Breun.: a New Pest on Jute (Corchorus olitorius Linn.)
N. DUTT
Naturevolume 170, pages287–288 (1952) (Web Link)

[5] Etukudo, O. O. and Ogundare, S. K. (2018) “Varietal Performance of Jute Mallow (Corchorus olitorius) as Affected by Different rates of Cow Dung Manure on an Ultisol, Kogi State, Nigeria”, Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 25(3), (Web Link)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *