Intervention Strategies: Cognition, Behavior, and Intellectual Disabilities


Introduction: This study is part of a larger research project, and it was published as an article based on our previous research experiences1. The purpose of this study was to encourage and rehabilitate neurophysiological processes of attention, behavior, and cognition in children with intellectual disabilities. It also emphasizes the concept of treatment and rehabilitation, which is based on new strategies. The goal of this study was to shed light on the cognitive and behavioral functioning of children with mild intellectual disabilities in relation to different aspects of the treatment strategies used. The study also presents new treatment strategies for the Covid 19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 124 participants with mild intellectual disability, both sexes, aged 8 to 13 years, from Belgrade primary schools. In this study, we used the Trial Making Test (TMT; Reitan, 1971; Hamdan, Hamdan, 2009.) to assess attention, the IOWA Conners’ Rating Scale for Children to assess behavior, and the Test of Concept Utilization (TCU; Crager & Lane, 1989; Macesic-Petrovic, Kovacevic, Djuric-Zdravkovic, 2013.) to assess cognitive function. According to the findings, more than half of the children surveyed have developmental disabilities in the areas studied. and a statistically significant relationship between the treatment modalities used and the abilities and functions tested (r = 0.52-0.59, p 0.01). The study emphasizes the importance of implementing a multimodal oriented approach, which includes: team work of professionals and non-professionals (cooperation between professionals and parents), complementary treatment (medical and special treatment, psychosocial interventions, combination of treatment strategies), psychotherapy and psychopharmacotherapy as needed. in addition to special education rehabilitation based on individual educational and training programs (IEP and ITP). It also focuses treatment strategies in the situation of Covid 19, due to its potential influence on the study’s conclusion. Finally, we proposed new treatment strategies, focusing on the new pandemic existential situation, with an emphasis on special rehabilitation treatment and a combination of strategy treatment.

Author (S) Details

Ms. Dragana Maćešić-Petrović
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Special Education and Rehabilitation, Visokog Stevana 2, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia.

Ms. Jasmina Kovačević
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Special Education and Rehabilitation, Visokog Stevana 2, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia.

Mr. Husnija Hasanbegović
University of Tuzla, Faculty of Special Education and Rehabilitation, Univerzitetska 1, Tuzla, 75000, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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