Global Health Resilience Building: A Population Health Equity Approach to the Agro-Pastoralist Community in Drought Affected Ethiopia
Africa has been plagued by devastating droughts for many years. Ethiopia is the worst-hit nation since livestock and rain-fed agriculture make up the majority of its GDP. Nearly 85% of the nation’s income comes from the agricultural sector. Over 15 million agro-pastoralists, who manage the bulk of Africa’s cattle, have had their health and agricultural economies jeopardised by the drought. Foreign help may provide a short-term respite, but the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction places a higher priority on proactive action to build resilience in those who are impacted. By investigating the factors, their effects on the varied health outcomes for the population sub-groups, and tackling health disparity, a population health equity approach can serve the goal of enhancing the general health of the population. The disadvantaged agro-pastoralist population in Ethiopia needed effective policies and interventions to increase health resilience, therefore our goal was to identify the key population health outcomes, underlying causes, and actionable lever points. We used the PRISMA and Hamilton tools, respectively, to compile the data and judge its quality. To assemble the data, we used the WHO’s frameworks for socioeconomic determinants of health and health equity as well as disaster vulnerability. Our results demonstrated that researchers looked at socioeconomic, political, and cultural backgrounds to identify policy and leverage areas for efficient population health interventions. The primary determinants of health, such as access to the market economy, dependency on livestock, household productivity or income, infrastructure, health systems, disaster preparedness, and food security, affect a wide range of health concerns. These characteristics are influenced by the social, political, and cultural settings. Even in the face of significant vulnerability and health disparities, current public health field methods have produced some policy solution possibilities. The suggested interventions may be influenced by an interdisciplinary community health strategy to have the maximum impact on health resilience. Evidence from the worst drought niche in Africa can assist in addressing similar drought-related health issues in other regions of the continent.
Author (s) Details:
Selim M. Khan,
Interdisciplinary Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, 25 University Private, Ottawa, Canada.
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, 25 University Private, Ottawa, Canada Correspondence: Selim Khan, Interdisciplinary Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, 25 University Private, Ottawa, K1N 7K4, ON, Canada.
Please see the link here: https://stm.bookpi.org/CODHR-V1/article/view/7425
Keywords: Drought, heath, determinants, vulnerability, resilience, inequity, policy, intervention.