Fungal Sinusitis: A Prospective Clinical Study


Background: Aspergillus (fumigatus, niger, flavus), mucormycosis, Candida(albicans), Scedosporium, and pencillium infections cause inflammation of the sinus mucosa, resulting in fungal sinusitis. Those affected include immunocompromised individuals, farmers, garbage collectors, and people using long-term nasal sprays. Fungal sinusitis comes in a variety of types, including fungal mycetoma, allergic fungal, chronic indolent, and fulminant sinusitis, all of which can cause chronic headaches, facial swelling, and vision loss. Thick purulent nasal discharge, nasal blockage, epistaxis, cheek swelling, and thick purulent nasal discharge are all symptoms of polyposis. discharge. The presence of indigenous bacterial flora is likely to impede fungi colonisation in a variety of ways. Antimicrobial medicine encourages the growth of both conventional fungal flora, such as Candida species, and opportunists, such as Aspergillus niger [1]. Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis is the most common condition. Aspergillosis is the most common fungal infection. Aspergillus fumigatus is the most prevalent fungal pathogen. Frequently, the maxillary sinuses are affected. The department of otorhinolaryngology at Kunal Institute of Medical Specialities Pvt Ltd did this prospective study. The patient is chosen for a nasal swab, culture, and sensitivity test after a comprehensive history collection and clinical assessment. The nose and paranasal sinuses on a basic X-ray. A CT scanner is used to scan the nose and paranasal sinuses. Results: Allergic fungal sinusitis was the most common disease, with aspergillosis being the most common infection. Conclusion: Allergic fungal sinusitis was most prevalent in those aged 20 to 29, with the maxillary sinus being the most affected.

Author (s) Details

Dr. Jyotika Waghray
Kunal Institute of Medical Specialties Pvt Ltd, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

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