Focality of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) from the Chronology to the Trend Analysis in Villa Clara Province, Cuba: A Recent Study

The study’s goal was to characterise the time series and trends for the Aedes aegypti mosquito’s focality in Villa Clara province, Cuba, by months and years (2007-2017). In Cuba, the prevalence of these parasitic and viral diseases is unquestionably a public health issue, with a propensity to increase the number of patients as well as vector organism populations. The study looked at the province’s 13 municipalities and the number of breeding sites they reported during the various months of the study period. An observational, descriptive, ecological, retrospective, and statistical investigation was carried out, with all data acquired from the participants. Work cycles for vector surveillance and control in the universe of dwellings and buildings in the 13 municipalities’ urban regions have been developed. With the help of the Windows Excel application, the data was organised by years and months. The data was processed using the SPSS statistical programme version 19.0 (the ENTER and ERROR techniques). The municipalities of Santa Clara, Ranchuelo, Placetas, Manicaragua, Santo Domingo, and Sagua la Grande were determined to have the highest absolute frequency (Fi), which is quite comparable to the cumulative relative frequency (fai), with minor differences in respect to the municipalities’ positions. The Ae. a vector’s focality, as measured in months, July through November were the months with the greatest focality, showing a direct proportional relationship with the one recorded provincially. The conclusion is that there exist natural and anthropogenic factors in Cuba that support the creation and maintenance of the Ae. a vector focality all year.

Author (s) Details

Rigoberto Fimia-Duarte
Faculty of Health Technology and Nursing, University of Medical Sciences of Villa Clara, Cuba.

Ricardo Osés Rodríguez
Villa Clara Provincial Meteorological Center, Cuba.

Idalberto Machado Valenzuela
Provincial Unit of Surveillance and Antivectorial Fight (UPVLA), Provincial Centre of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology (CPHEM) of Villa Clara, Cuba.

María Patricia Zambrano Gavilanes
Veterinary Medicine of Career, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnic, Technical University of Manabi, Manabi, Ecuador.

Yamilka Rios Ruiz
Technological Faculty, University of Medical Sciences of Camagüey, Cuba.

Rafael Armiñana García

Central University “Marta Abreu” of Las Villas, Villa Clara, Cuba.

Frank Manuel Wilford González
Central University “Marta Abreu” of Las Villas, Villa Clara, Cuba.

Freddy Eli Zambrano Gavilanes
Faculty of Agricultural Engineering, Technical University of Manabí, Manabí, Ecuador

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