Documentation and Investigation into the Floristic Composition of Barakat Area (Gazira State) Sudan


 A study on floral composition was carried out in the Barakat Area of Sudan’s Gazira State. During two field surveys, random plant specimens were gathered from varied locations. At the University of Khartoum’s Faculty of Science, samples were prepared and stored there. A total of 127 angiosperm species from 43 botanical groupings were found. There were 36 families and 110 dicotyledons, with the most species belonging to the Fabaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Mimosaceae, Convolvulaceae, and Caesalpinaceae families. Seven families containing 17 monocotyledon plant species were discovered, with the Poaceae and Cyperaceae groups having the greatest representation. Polygonaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Vitaceae, Cleomaceae, and Commelinaceae were the least prevalent families. Numerous of species were native flora, but just 27 were grown. Additionally, parasitic plants from the families Loranthaceae and Scrophulariaceae were identified. In total, there were 26 trees, 15 shrubs, 81 herbs, and 5 climbers in the flora. With 4 species, Euphorbia was the most widespread genus, followed by Acacia with 3. The indigenous flora made up 78.7 percent of the total, while the cultivated species made up 21.3 percent. In the research region, vegetation was found in three strata, with trees such as Acacia nilotica (Sunut), Acacia nubica (Laot), and Ziziphus spina-christi dominating the top layer (Sidir). Colatropis procera (Ushar) dominated the shrub layer, the second (intermediate) layer, while Cynodon dactylon ruled the third herbaceous layer. This research will be beneficial.

Author(s) Details:

A. H. Abdallah,
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Khartoum University, Sudan.

N. Mahmoud,
National Center for Research, Khartoum, Sudan.

Negood Elmahi,
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Khartoum University, Sudan.

Please see the link here:

Keywords: Barakat, flora, Gazira, Sudan, floristic composition, vegetation

Leave A Comment