Dietary Habits and Socio-economic Status on Menstrual Disorders among Young Females: A Study from Northern India


The most crucial stage of the female reproductive cycle, menstruation, involves numerous hormonal changes. The diet is known to have an impact on hormone production. Poor dietary habits of a girl might disrupt her menstrual cycle, leading to menstrual problems and pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) (PMS). A cross-sectional study was conducted in the months of January through March 2013 among college-bound girls and young working women in Northern India to examine the relationship between dietary practises and socioeconomic level and menstruation disorders. Out of the 300 people polled for this study, 100 women were chosen, and they all responded to the questionnaire. The majority of women (87%) from middle socioeconomic position had higher frequency of menstruation diseases due to sedentary lifestyles and western food habits. Except for dysmenorrhea, vegetarian women had a higher prevalence of menstrual problems than non-vegetarian women. Women who did not consume a daily green salad had a greater prevalence of menorrhagia (56.25% vs. 32.69%), whereas those who did not consume a daily serving of fruits had higher rates of menorrhagia (44.68% vs. 43.40%) and oligomenorrhea (46.81% vs. 45.28%). The consumption of junk food (reported by 93% of respondents) and menstruation abnormalities were found to be positively correlated.

Author(s) Details:

Jasjit Kaur Randhawa,
Department of Zoology, Khalsa College, Amritsar – 143 005, India.

Kapila Mahajan,
Department of Zoology, Khalsa College, Amritsar – 143 005, India.

Manbir Kaur,
Department of Mathematics, Khalsa College for Women, Amritsar – 143 005, India.

Arti Gupta,
Department of Zoology, Khalsa College, Amritsar – 143 005, India.

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Keywords: Menstrual disorders, nutritional status, menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, pre-menstrual syndrome

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