Determining the Epidemiological, Clinical and Prognostic Aspects of Maternal Mortality (MM) in Cameroon

 

Examining the demographic, clinical, and prognostic aspects of maternal mortality in Yaoundé was the aim of this study. Utilizing retrospective data, we conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study to gather maternal mortality as defined by the WHO. from January 1, 2017, to December 31, 2019, in two tertiary facilities in Yaounde: the Yaounde Central Hospital and the Yaounde Gyneco-Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital (YGOPH) (YCH).

208 maternal fatalities were recorded over the research period, with referral cases accounting for 4/5 (78.5%) of these deaths. At YCH and YGOPH, the MM ratio was respectively 1532.8 and 609.5 per 100,000 live births (LB). Haemorrhage (49%) and hypertensive illnesses and their consequences (21.2%) were the main causes, and maternal mortality was linked to 50% of instances of foetal or neonatal fatalities (57.4% in YCH vs. 28.3% in YGOPH, P 0.001). Systems for health care were connected to MM.

The maternal mortality ratios in YCH and YGOPH maternity units have sharply increased since 2017. The most frequent MM causes were hypertensive conditions and haemorrhage. These elements can be prevented. Our health systems must be improved if we want to significantly reduce the number of maternal deaths.

Author(s) Details:

Armand Kamga Talom,
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon.

Florent Fouelifack Ymele,
Higher Institute of Medical Technology, Yaounde Central Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon and Yaounde Central Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon.

Edmond Mesumbe Nzene,
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon.

Jeanne Fouedjio,
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon and Yaounde Central Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon.

Pascal Foumane,
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon and Yaounde Gyneco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon.

Please see the link here: https://stm.bookpi.org/CPMS-V1/article/view/7330

Keywords: Determining, maternal mortality, epidemiological, clinical, prognostic, Yaounde, Cameroon.

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