Determination of Bacteriological Profile of Nosocomial Infections in Visceral Surgery at CNHU-HKM, Republic of Benin

 The goal of this study is to identify the bacteria that cause these suppurations, investigate their antibiotic resistance profiles, and assess the role of the nurses who care for these patients. The production and buildup of pus in the soft tissue of a wound is known as wound suppuration. In most cases, the normal inflammatory reaction subsides after three to five days, and the wound heals, causing pus to accumulate, slowing the healing process and potentially leading to significant repercussions. From May 15 to June 21, 2013, the research was carried out at the Menontin zone hospital. Fifty-one patients of all ages and genders with surgical and traumatic discharge wounds were sampled, as well as 30 hand samples from nurses’ hands before and after dressing. 76 microorganisms were detected from the results, comprising 35 cocci and 41 bacilli. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was detected in 29% of the microorganisms, Staphylococcus aureus in 28%, Escherichia coli in 14%, and miscellaneous bacteria in 14%. 10 bacteria were identified from hand samples, including 4 Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 3 Staphylococcus DNase-negative. 1 Staphylococcus aureus and 2 Klebsiella spp. The isolates were highly resistant to the antibiotics tested, particularly -lactamβ, Gentamycin, Erythromycin, and Colistin. Ciprofloxacin and Fosfomycin sensitivity is high in the majority of strains. It was determined that patients and nurses should be aware of the presence of these germs, take proper antibiotics, ideally after an antibiotic test, wash their hands often, and use sterile materials before and after any dressing.

Author(s) Details:

Aïkou Nicolas,
Department of Human Biology, National University of Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics, Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry and Medical Microbiology, Benin.

A. Ahoyo Theodora,
Abomey Calavi University, General Medical Microbiology and Hospital Hygiene Abomey Calavi Politechnical School, Human Biology Engineering, Benin.

Degbe Sah Cyriaque,
Regional Institute of Public Health Ouidah, Benin.

Coulibaly Founzégué Amadou,
Pasteur Institute Abidjan, Cote-d’ivoire.

Sezan Alphonse,
FAST/UAC, Benin.

Edorh A. Patrick,
FAST/UAC, Benin.

R. A. Lapo,
Inter-State School of Science and Veterinary Medicine, Dakar, Senegal.

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