Determination Factors Associated with Psychological Outcomes of Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic and its Effects on Quality of Life

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is putting healthcare workers (HCWs) under a lot of stress, which is hurting their quality of life (QoL). The goal of this study is to examine in depth the primary determinants linked to psychological outcomes among HCWs in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the implications of these outcomes on the HCWs’ quality of life.

In this descriptive cross-sectional investigation, all HCWs working in Saudi Arabian tertiary institutions who have direct or indirect interaction with COVID-19 cases were asked to complete a validated web-based survey freely during the study period.

This survey included 1,182 HCWs from various regions across SA and specialties, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, health educators, technicians, and others, between June 1 and July 31, 2020. Psychological risk factors were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) anxiety scale. QoL was measured using the WHOQOL (World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire). Frequency and percentages were used to summarise socio-demographic data. The mean, standard deviation, and median values were used to determine the research participants’ overall anxiety, depression, and WHOQOL scores. Independent samples t-tests, one-way ANOVA, and the chi-square test (for category depression/anxiety variables severe depression/severe anxiety against mild/moderate/moderately severe) were used to evaluate the connection between socio-demographic parameters and anxiety and depression scales. The variables and WHOQOL domains were investigated using one-way ANOVA. Multivariate analysis was used to identify front-line work predictors of depression and anxiety.

Findings: Poor quality of life was discovered, especially in the categories of physical and psychological health. Workers with higher levels of anxiety and despair had a much better overall quality of life. Age, gender, living with children and/or elderly people, occupation, years of experience, and front-line work participation were all found to have an impact on psychological health and QoL.

Contribution to Theory, Practice, and Policy that is Unique: Certain HCW characteristics may act as protective or risk factors for depression, anxiety, and QoL. By decreasing the negative effects of front-line labour, targeted interventions could help medical workers maintain their mental and physical health. To learn more about how the COVID-19 epidemic and front-line job affect HCWs’ mental and physical health, more research is needed.

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Author(S) Details

Hanin Abdulhameed Shalaby
King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Nora Baroom
King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Rawan Anwar Obaid
King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Enaam Raboe
Pediatric Surgery Consultant Medical Reference, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

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