Contact Dermatitis in Health Care Sector: A Cross Sectional Study in a Teaching Hospital in Tunisia

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence in hospitals of contact dermatitis and to identify risk factors. Among a representative group of 1,278 health professionals at the University Hospital, a cross-sectional analysis was carried out, matching professional rank and department. A questionnaire, a specialised analysis and patch tests were the basis of the survey. Occupational contact dermatitis prevalence was 22 percent [17.5-27.2]. The at-risk worker profile was a woman aged 37 years, a nurse working for 12.7±9.36 years in a surgical department. In 92.4 percent of cases, hands were harmed and 86 percent of affected individuals reported rhythmicity with occupational exposure. Among 33 workers, the practise of patch tests using the European Standard Battery was carried out and among 26 workers it was positive. Rubber battery patch test (if suspected of allergic reactions) Contact dermatitis with gloves) was observed in 29 agents and positive in 12 agents. The analytical analysis revealed that in the affected population, the history of atopy, work tenure, mean daily number of hand washing, mean daily number of worn gloves and mean length of wearing gloves were significantly higher. A diagnostic method based on a thorough clinical investigation and patch tests includes contact dermatitis in hospitals.

Author (s) Details

Amira Omrane
Department of Occupational Medicine and Ergonomics, Faculty of Medicine Monastir, 5019 Monastir, Tunisia.

Charfeddine Amri
Department of Occupational Medicine and Ergonomics, Faculty of Medicine Monastir, 5019 Monastir, Tunisia.

Lamia Bouzgarrou
Department of Occupational Medicine and Ergonomics, Faculty of Medicine Monastir, 5019 Monastir, Tunisia.


Taoufik Khalfallah
Department of Occupational Medicine and Ergonomics, Faculty of Medicine Monastir, 5019 Monastir, Tunisia.

Mohamed Akrout
Department of Occupational Medicine and Ergonomics, Faculty of Medicine Monastir, 5019 Monastir, Tunisia.

Hichem Belhadj Ali
Department of Dermatology, Teaching Hospital of Monastir, 5000 Monastir, Tunisia.

Mohamed Adnene Henchi
Department of Occupational Medicine and Ergonomics, Faculty of Medicine Monastir, 5019 Monastir, Tunisia.

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