The major factors influencing the Chinese people’s thoughts on the issue of unification between the two Koreas are well-established historical ties between China and the Korean peninsula, strong geopolitical relations, and the Korean peninsula with Sino-US engagement pressures, and the division of the Korean peninsula is making Chinese diplomacy difficult. Some Chinese citizens are opposed to the unification of Korea, which is primarily motivated by national interests. All, however, has a dual character, in that a split Korean peninsula complicates Chinese diplomacy and has a range of negative consequences for Chinese national interests. In terms of national interest, China hopes that the integration of North and South Korea would not have a negative effect on its own country. The Chinese government is hoping for the creation of a neutral or friendly united Korea in China, as well as the withdrawal of US military forces from the Korean peninsula. If that does not happen, China needs to keep things as they are. South Korea, on the other hand, does not want US troops to leave the Korean peninsula, as this could lead to military unrest, and prefers a gradual and phased process of peaceful unification. Despite their differences, the Chinese and Koreans wish for peace and harmony between the two Koreas, as well as dialogue and reconciliation, as well as multifaceted exchanges and cooperation. Finally, they agree that reducing tensions on the Korean peninsula and preserving good ties between the two Koreas would aid in the peaceful unification of the peninsula.

Author (s) Details

Debin Zhan
Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, China.

Hun Kyung Lee
Dong-A University, Korea.

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