Cause and Effect of Livelihood Diversification on Cocoa Production in Papua New Guinea: A Case Study

Cocoa is Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) most important cash crop. Despite significant government investment, productivity remains below capacity due to the government’s emphasis on technological research, development, and extension (RD&E). The purpose of this study was to see how livelihood diversification affected cocoa production in specific areas of PNG’s Morobe and East New Britain provinces. The specific goal was to see if farmers’ livelihood diversification activities influenced cocoa production in the study areas. The impact of livelihood diversity on cocoa production A cross-sectional descriptive analysis involving semistructured interviews and discussions in the form of phenomenological reflection was conducted in the selected provinces. The data was analyzed using the NVivo software. The key causes of farmer participation in diversified livelihood activities were discovered to be land scarcity, land tenure, risk minimization, cultural influences, farming system patterns, opportunities, comparative advantage, and the impact of modern changes. The primary motivation for diversifying livelihood practices was to expand a household’s income portfolio. improve their social standing As a result, smallholder farmers do not devote their full attention to cocoa production, despite its high value.

Author (s) Details

Assistant Professor William Kerua
Department of Agribusiness and Extension, College of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry, Fiji National University, Suva, Fiji, Guinea.

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