Different classification approaches are compared in this research for the accurate diagnosis of Lower Back Pain using base and meta (Combination of Multiple Classifier for Training) level classifiers. Different imaging modalities based on radiology are also evaluated for diagnosing Lower Back Pain, such as Computed Tomography (CT) scans and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) (MRI). Lower […]

## On the Evaluation Criteria for Random Number Generators Using Monte Carlo Integration Algorithm

Among all the manifestations of chaos in numerous scientific domains, the use of chaotic systems to derive Random Number Generators is a hot topic. Although the core premise of chaos theory asserts that the ensuing series is deterministic, due to the tremendous sensitivity and dependency on the system’s initial conditions, one could approach the topic […]

## The Negative Hypergeometric Distribution: Discussion on Theoretical Results and Applications

The waiting time distribution linked with the binomial distribution is known as the negative binomial distribution. In a similar way, the negative hypergeometric distribution can be thought of as the hypergeometric distribution’s waiting time distribution. This distribution will be defined and the key theoretical results will be summarised. Applications of the negative hypergeometric distribution will […]

## A Recent Study on the Graeco-Latin Square and Hyper Graeco-Latin Square Designs

A Latin square model can regulate two sources of nuisance variability at the same time. The Graeco-Latin square is an expansion of a Latin square that may simultaneously regulate three sources of nuisance variability as an experimental design paradigm. The Graeco-Latin square was first mentioned in 1782. This model’s following features will be discussed: A […]

## A Study on Soft ARS Closed Sets in Soft Topological Spaces

We describe a new class of Soft sets, Soft ARS closed sets, and its complement Soft ARS open sets, in this work, equivalent to Molodtsov Soft sets. We also compare the properties of Soft ARS closed sets to those of Soft closed sets, Soft semi closed sets, Soft closed sets, Soft JP closed sets, and […]

## The Chi-square (X2) Distribution as a Research Tool and Some of Its Most Important Parametric and Non-parametric Applications

To assess the validity of assertions during their research, researchers can use parametric methods (if they exist) or non-parametric procedures (if no appropriate parametric methods exist). The Chi-Square (2) distribution is useful in both parametric and non-parametric approaches, and this paper explores many of its most important applications to help researchers understand how to apply […]

## Study on Improving the Development of a Triangle Geometry Computer Application Using Design Patterns

Designing object-oriented software is challenging, and designing reusable object-oriented software is considerably more difficult. The design must be tailored to the challenge at hand while still being generic enough to address future requirements. Design is perhaps the most critical issue that can affect the quality of an interactive computer programme when it is being developed. […]

## Study on an Inventory Model with Retrial Customer and Two Heterogeneous Servers Including One with Multiple Vacations

In this chapter, we’ll look at a continuous review perishable inventory system with a service facility that has two heterogeneous servers (referred to as server and server in this chapter), one of which is always accessible but goes on vacation when the inventory level is less than or equal to one. After a random service […]

## Study on an Inventory Model with Retrial Customer and Two Heterogeneous Servers Including One with Multiple Vacations

In this chapter, we’ll look at a continuous review perishable inventory system with a service facility that has two heterogeneous servers (referred to as server and server in this chapter), one of which is always accessible but goes on vacation when the inventory level is less than or equal to one. After a random service […]

## Study on Mathematical Model for Simulating Yarn Unwinding from Packages

Yarn unwinding from a package is critical in many textile activities. The stability of the unwinding process has a direct impact on the procedure’s efficiency as well as the quality of the end output. During the unwinding process, the tension fluctuates. The yarn is extracted at a high velocity in the direction of the package […]