Assessing the Quality Improvement of Wool Fabric Using Protease Enzyme

 The purpose of this investigation was to see how Protease enzyme therapy affected wool fabric. Protease enzyme was utilised at five different doses (1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 gm/lt.) for enzyme treatment. Physical properties such as fabric hand, weight loss, Scanning Electron Microscope (SCM) test, absorbency, pilling, tensile strength, and fabric drape were tested using textile testing equipment such as pilling tester, tensile strength tester, drape metre, crockmeter, perspirometer, SCM Zeiss EVO 50, pH metre, and so on for the control, scoured, and enzyme treated samples. All samples were dyed with acid dye to see how enzymatic degumming affected wool fabric dyeability. The coloured materials were subjected to a variety of colorfastness tests, including light, washing, crocking, and perspiration.

Wool fabric improved in softness, weight loss (6.31 percent), improved surface scales (smoother), improved absorbency (minimum 45 sec), and drapability after enzyme treatment with various concentrations. Untreated wool fibre had a fair handle, no absorbency (60 sec), and rough and sharp scales on the surface of the fibre. After being treated with protease enzyme, all of the physical and colorfastness properties of wool cloth improved. Protease enzyme concentrations of 4.0 g/l were found to be the best of all the concentrations examined.

Author(s) Details:

. Pooja,
Ethilind School of Home Science, Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology & Sciences (Formerly Allahabad Agriculture Institute), India.

Ekta Sharma,
Ethilind School of Home Science, Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology & Sciences (Formerly Allahabad Agriculture Institute), India.

Please see the link here: https://stm.bookpi.org/IST-V8/article/view/6242

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