Assessing the Clinical Profile of Malaria and It’s Complications in Magadh Zone of Bihar, India


The goal of the current study was to assess the clinical profile and its complications that aid in early malaria recognition and prompt treatment, thereby lowering morbidity and mortality.

One of the most frequent causes of fever and other associated human misery is still malaria. It continues to be a significant burden for tropical nations despite ongoing prevention initiatives. Despite being nearly eradicated from many nations, including the United States, Canada, Europe, and Russia, malaria has recently presented new challenges in terms of changing clinical profiles and management, particularly p. vivax infection, which is frequently found to cause severe malaria and, contrary to popular belief, defies early detection and timely antimalarial medication.

From the indoor and outdoor sections of the Magadh Medical College Hospital in Gaya, a total of 96 patients were enrolled. Rapid testing and a peripheral blood smear examination are used to identify malaria. A comprehensive clinical examination was conducted, and both regular and specialised lab tests were run. Current clinical features were also documented. A thorough examination was done, the right therapy was given, and frequent follow-up was done. Serious malaria was defined according to WHO standards.

54 percent were infected with vivax, 47 percent with P. falciparum, and 9 percent with mixed illness. More than 30% of individuals exhibited atypical clinical characteristics, 8.6% showed warning signals, and 31% experienced severe malaria. In contrast to common belief, P. vivax also experienced problems.

Early diagnosis is the key to reducing morbidity and death. Typical but deceptive clinical symptoms include cough, severe headache, severe myalgia, diarrhoea, stomach pain, severe arthralgia, oliguria, and malena. Unusual symptoms were seen in a large majority of the individuals in this group.

In India, different regions have different rates of malaria as well as different ratios of p. vivax and p. falciparum. P. vivax is the dominating species in the Magadh zone of Bihar. Malaria is still a significant problem for public health. P vivax’s altered clinical profile and increased pathogenicity have drawn attention. Understanding these traits enables early detection and improves results.

Author (s) Details:

Pramod Kumar Sinha,
Department of Medicine, Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College Hospital , Gaya-823001 (Bihar), India.

S. N. Singh,
Department of Medicine, Anugrah Narayan Medical College Hospital, Gaya, (Bihar), India.

Deo Chaudhary,
Department of Medicine, Anugrah Narayan Medical College Hospital, Gaya, (Bihar), India.

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Keywords: Malaria, complications, prevalence, clinical profile, plasmodium vivax, plasmodium falciparum, fever.

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