Assessing the Attitude towards Nutrition Management Practices by Adult Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Study from Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya
The study’s goal was to find out how adult stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients feel about dietary management and how that affects their practises at Kenyatta National Hospital. To simplify the gathering of qualitative and quantitative data and the discovery of connections between variables, a cross-sectional analytical design was adopted. A sample of 110 people was calculated using the Cochran formula. To obtain data, a research-administered questionnaire with closed-ended questions was used. Descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentage were employed to describe the population’s demographic and socioeconomic features. To evaluate the association between independent and dependent variables, inferential statistics were performed using chi square with an alpha of 0.05. More than three-quarters (77 percent) of respondents had a negative attitude. Attitudes toward taking one’s weight daily (0.017), observing the types of food one eats daily (0.001), using food supplements to give nutrients needed by the body (0.001), and following dietary recommendations (0.022) were significantly associated with practises in stage 5 CKD management. Participants in general exhibited a good attitude toward nutrition management; however, regardless of their education or income level, their attitudes toward potassium reduction, supplement use, interpreting nutrition information, and fluid regulation were negative. It was suggested that patients’ attitudes should be improved further by powerful nutrition advocacy messages for better nutrition management methods.
Department of Family Health, Division of Nutrition and Dietetics, Kenya.
Department of Food Nutrition and Dietetics, Kenyatta University, Kenya.
Department of Clinical Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Nairobi, Kenya.