Application of Evidence in the Primary Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Addressing the Epidemic in Papua New Guinea


Papua New Guinea’s prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing alarmingly, and the nation lacks any policies to combat this pandemic. The high-risk population is not well aware of the evidence that may be utilised in a broken healthcare system for the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes.

The goal of this review of the literature is to evaluate all the information that is currently available regarding the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus and to make recommendations regarding the integration and application of the pertinent information in Papua New Guinea’s response to the epidemic of type 2 diabetes under a clear policy.

The primary prevention of type 2 diabetes in the population of pre-diabetics was examined using a review of the literature. The results showed that type 2 diabetes in people with prediabetes has decreased as a result of primary preventive studies on lifestyle modifications and metformin usage. The type 2 diabetes pandemic in Papua New Guinea may thus be addressed using this data, with a non-communicable illness strategy as the main driver.

Author (s) Details:

Leslie Bahn Kawa,
Department of General Internal Medicine, Port Moresby General Hospital, Papua New Guinea.

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Keywords: Primary prevention, prevention trials, type 2 diabetes mellitus, prediabetes.

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