An Overview of the Hydrogen Atom Fundamental Resonance States

In the 1920’s, Louis de Broglie observed that the integer sequence that could be related to the
interference patterns produced by the various electromagnetic energy quanta emitted by hydrogen
atoms was identical to those of very well known classical resonance processes, which made him
conclude that electrons have to be captive in related resonance states within atoms. This led
Schrödinger to propose a wave equation to represent this sequence of resonance states that still has
not been reconciled with the electromagnetic properties of electrons. This new approach is in
complete agreement with the methods of QED and QFT and complements them by clarifying the
function of the magnetic aspect of the energy of which electromagnetic elementary particles and their
carrying energy is made, in a manner that allows describing their permanently localizable selfsustaining internal electromagnetic structure. This article is meant to identify and discuss the
electromagnetic harmonic oscillation properties that the electron must possess as a resonator in order
to explain the resonance volumes described by the wave function, as well as the electromagnetic
interactions between the elementary charged particles making up atomic structures, that could explain
electronic and nucleonic orbitals stability. An unexpected benefit of the expanded space geometry
required to establish these properties and interactions is that the fundamental symmetry requirement
is respected by structure for all aspects of the distribution of energy within electromagnetic quanta at
the subatomic level.

Author(s) Details

André Michaud
Service de Recherche Pédagogique, Québec, Canada.

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