An Advanced Study on Strengthening Community Response; the Need for Enhanced Community Engagement. A Case for District Local Authorities in Developing Countries


The study’s objectives were to uncover key factors influencing community participation and responsiveness in solid waste management in local governments in developing countries. Cochrane libraries, CINAHL, and reports/policy papers were used to search the database. The procedures (inform, consult, involve, collaborate, and empower) were detailed in WHO journals and other research, including guiding principles and content analysis of both unsuccessful and successful community participation by local governments in developing countries. These themes were investigated in light of the growing importance of community and public engagement activities in local governments, which has led to a greater emphasis on skill development, engagement process monitoring, and assessment. The proposed conceptual framework was thoroughly investigated, and a complete literature review was carried out. The proposed community participation framework was found to be acceptable for the current demands of local governments in developing countries in public health practises, according to WHO recommendations. The construct was studied using content analysis of both unsuccessful and successful participation in solid waste management by local governments in disadvantaged nations in order to provide the necessary guiding concepts, behaviours, and degrees of participation. Internal capacity constraints, community capacity limits, other external variables, and other substantive obstacles were among the challenges that these local governments faced when it came to community engagement. Mechanisms for disseminating information, the engagement environment, community leaders/champions, outside assistance, and novel innovative approaches The study’s six primary themes were the degree to which indigenous people were involved for successful community involvement, and the degree to which indigenous people were involved for effective community involvement. Long-term strategic planning, a high degree of effort to accommodate cultural differences, and the presence of an adequate and suitable information system to allow the local authority to efficiently capture, manage, and process relevant community engagement data such as community inquiries, requests, and complaints can all lead to better results.

Author (S) Details

Emmanuel Hakwia Kooma
Texila American University, USA.

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