A Retrospective Study on Rising Trends of Caesarean Section

Background: The indications for Caesarean Section (CS) have evolved throughout time, as has the rate, which has been much studied. C-sections can without a doubt effectively prevent maternal and neonatal mortality when performed for a medical cause. However, little study has been done on the breadth of maternal indications and the effects of C-sections on the foetus.

Methods: Data was gathered from patient files at the hospital’s Medical Records Department between January and March 2012 and January and March 2017. A pre-designed proforma was utilised to record the pertinent information. The data was analysed using standard statistical procedures.

The predominant causes of CS in both groups remained cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) and foetal distress (FD), accounting for 50.4 percent in the 2012 group and 60.5 percent in the 2017 group. As a result of maternal demand and tubal ligations, CS trends are emerging. Though there was no significant rise in CS over the 5-year period (from 45.41 percent to 48.81 percent), there was a considerable increase in births without problems (from 74.8 percent to 88.3 percent). Conclusions: During the study period, there was a non-significant increase in the number of C-sections, according to the findings. CPD and FD, both of which necessitate C-sections, were found to be major significant causes. As a new indication, a growing trend of patient desire/demand emerged.

Author(S) Details

Namrata Sethi
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, M. I. M. E. R. Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Sushma P. Sharma
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, M. I. M. E. R. Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

View Book:- https://stm.bookpi.org/NHMMR-V1/article/view/6178

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