Press Release on Microorganisms Research: February -2019

Production of plant metabolites with applications within the food trade victimisation designed microorganisms

Secondary plant metabolites are extensively employed in today’s food industries, for instance, as coloring-agents, flavouring-agents or texturizing agents. particularly, metabolites with antioxidative properties notice applications as preservatives or anti-browning agents. Today, extraction from stuff represents the foremost supply of those metabolites, however progress within the field of metabolic engineering conjointly enabled the microorganism production of those valuable compounds as a a lot of economic and ecological different. This literary criticism presents this state of metabolic engineering of microorganisms for production of plant metabolites with applications within the food industries. we tend to specialize in compounds, that are already employed in food applications, discuss current limitations of microorganism plant substance production, and description methods on however these challenges are often addressed  within the future. [1]

Chasing microorganism chassis for metabolic engineering: a perspective review from classical to non‐traditional microorganisms

The previous couple of years have witnessed associate unprecedented  increase within the range of novel microorganism species that hold potential to be used for metabolic engineering. traditionally, however, solely one or two of microorganism have earned the acceptance and widespread use that are required to fulfil the wants of business bioproduction – and just for the synthesis of only a few, structurally straightforward compounds. one amongst the explanations for this unfortunate circumstance has been the dearth of tools for targeted ordination engineering of microorganism chassis, and, nowadays, artificial biology is considerably serving to to bridge such data gap. Against this background, during this review, we tend to discuss the state of the art within the rational style and construction of sturdy microorganism chassis for metabolic engineering, presenting key samples of microorganism species that have secured an area in industrial bioproduction. The emergence of novel microorganism chassis is additionally thought of at the sunshine of the distinctive properties of their physiology and metabolism, and therefore the sensible applications within which they’re expected to outgo alternative microorganism platforms. rising opportunities, essential ways to modify winning development of business phenotypes, and major challenges within the field of microorganism chassis development also are mentioned, outlining the solutions that up to date artificial biology‐guided metabolic engineering offers to tackle these problems. [2]

The Form of N provide Determines Plant Growth Promotion by P-Solubilizing Microorganisms in Maize

Phosphate-(P)-solubilizing microorganisms (PSM) are necessary drivers of P athletics in natural and agro-ecosystems. Their use as plant inoculants to boost P acquisition of crops has been investigated for many years. However, restricted reliableness of the expected effects, significantly underneath field conditions, remains a significant challenge. This study demonstrates that the shape of gas fertilization incorporates a important impact on the performance of varied plant and microorganism PSM inoculants in maize big on neutral to alkaline  soils with restricted P convenience. underneath these conditions, a high soil pH-buffering capability oft limits the potency of nutrient mobilization, mediate by plant roots and microorganisms via rhizosphere activity. in a very soil pH vary between seven.0 and 8.0, nitrate fertilization promoting rhizosphere alkalinisation additional aggravates this downside. consequently, in greenhouse experiments, six strains of genus Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Paenibacillus, actinomycete, and genus Penicillium with established P-solubilizing potential, utterly didn’t promote P acquisition in maize big on a chalky soil sub-soil pH seven.6 with nitrate fertilization and rock phosphate (Rock-P) as a meagrely soluble P supply. [3]

Synthetic microorganisms permit scientists to review ancient biological process mysteries

Scientists at Scripps analysis and their collaborators have created microorganisms that will recapitulate key options of organisms thought to possess lived billions of years past, permitting them to explore questions about however life evolved from inanimate molecules to acellular organisms to the complicated, cellular lifeforms we tend to see nowadays. [4]

Isolation and Identification of Microorganisms from oil Contaminated Soils of Dar einsteinium Salaam, Tanzania

Aims: The aim of this study was to isolate and determine microorganisms in petroleum impure soils in jap United Republic of Tanzania.

 Study Design: Isolation and identification of microorganisms victimization typical and molecular techniques.

 Place and length of Study: Department of biology & Biotechnology, University of Dar atomic number 99 Salaam; October 2012 to Gregorian calendar month 2013.

 Methodology: Soils were collected from Mlalakua (ML), University of Dar atomic number 99 Salaam (UDSM) and Ubungo (Ub) native garages in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The selective isolation of microorganisms was done supported colony morphological look on agar plates and Gram reaction. 3 isolates (one from every site) were subjected to molecular strategies for the identification functions. organic process analyses of microorganism 16S rRNA sequence and plant life ITS region sequences were utilized during this study to spot and confirm the biological process relationships of the metric capacity unit, Ub and UDSM isolates. [5]

Reference

[1] Kallscheuer N, Classen T, Drepper T, Marienhagen J. Production of plant metabolites with applications in the food industry using engineered microorganisms. Current opinion in biotechnology. 2019 Apr 1;56:7-17. (web link)

[2] Calero P, Nikel PI. Chasing bacterial chassis for metabolic engineering: a perspective review from classical to non‐traditional microorganisms. Microbial biotechnology. 2019 Jan;12(1):98-124. (web link)

[3] Mpanga IK, Nkebiwe PM, Kuhlmann M, Cozzolino V, Piccolo A, Geistlinger J, Berger N, Ludewig U, Neumann G. The Form of N Supply Determines Plant Growth Promotion by P-Solubilizing Microorganisms in Maize. Microorganisms. 2019 Feb;7(2):38. (web link)

[4] Synthetic microorganisms allow scientists to study ancient evolutionary mysteries

Date: October 29, 2018

Source: Scripps Research Institute (web link)

[5] Isolation and Identification of Microorganisms from Crude oil Contaminated Soils of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Peter Elias Kidibule

Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Uvumbuzi Road, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35179, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Eva Mathias Sosovele

Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Uvumbuzi Road, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35179, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Anthony Manoni Mshandete

Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Uvumbuzi Road, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35179, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (web link)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *