News Update on Sustainable Tourism Research: May – 2019

From the traditional understanding of tourism destination to the smart tourism destination

The paper reviews the evolution of key tourism destination concepts, with the aim to emphasize the extent of changes that occurred in understanding the term ‘destination’ over the past decades. A special emphasis is placed on the concept of smart tourism destinations, since this is a recent concept that strongly relies on the systemic concept, and represents a completely different understanding of a destination, as opposed to the traditional concept. The digital revolution has led to the emergence of concept of smart destinations in which knowledge and information are accessible to all stakeholders, facilitating them to carry out continuous innovation of their activities, as much as possible. Without using digital technologies enabling adequate public–private–consumer collaboration, it is almost impossible nowadays to achieve successful market valorization of destinations’ geographical attributes. [1]

Can community-based tourism contribute to sustainable development? Evidence from residents’ perceptions of the sustainability

In this paper, the research gaps in sustainable tourism development were addressed by examining residents’ perceptions of the sustainability of community-based tourism based on tourism area life cycle theory. The survey questionnaire was distributed to the residents of six Taiwanese communities, and it was designed to determine the residents’ perceptions of the economic, socio-cultural, environmental, and life satisfaction sustainability of tourism. In total, 849 usable questionnaires were collected. The analytical results further elucidated the sustainability of nature-based tourism and suggested that the economic, socio-cultural, and environmental sustainability varied significantly in the consolidation, development, and involvement stages of community-based tourism development. The four dimensions of sustainability were evaluated according to the pre- and post-development perceptions of tourism sustainability, and significantly different results were obtained. The study concludes that the residents’ perceptions differed across the developmental stages; thus, managers should consider the development opportunities and adopt appropriate strategies across different development stages. [2]

Eco-Cultural Tourism for Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development of Remote Ecosystems in the Third World

Most of the remote areas such as mountains and islands are characterized by the features such as remoteness, fragility, endemism, and upland/lowland or island/mainland linkages, besides richer biodiversity and indigenous knowledge, thus attracting a large number of quality conscious tourists. However, conventional “top-down”, reactive and ad-hoc approaches and ill-conceived “development” activities such as infrastructure for mass tourism will destroy the very natural and cultural resource base on which the tourism thrives in these areas. These trends have led to the paradigm shifts towards community-based, participatory, and pro-active management strategies. Appropriate strategies for integrating biodiversity conservation and sustainable livelihoods by regenerating nature and culture for facilitating sustainable development of remote ecosystems in the third world are discussed in this chapter. [3]

Cover crop

With this first issue of 2017, Nature Plants enters its third year of publication. It seems amazing to us that the journal is already two years old, and yet we hope that Nature Plants has, in that time, established itself as a journal worth paying attention to. If we have achieved this, it is because of the papers that we have published.

Over the past year we have published research Articles and Letters, Reviews, News and Views, Comments and Features, as well as Editorials and Research Highlights. This collection has proved popular with readers, such that over the year, the articles that we have published have been looked at more than 1.3 million times. The content also gained attention beyond our pages, with more than 60 items garnering Altmetric scores over 50.

However, bare statistics give a limited view. Instead, a glance at our covers (pictured) gives a reminder of the range of topics in Nature Plant‘s remit.

The January, April, August and September covers all related to detailed molecular or cellular biology studies looking at plant development, responses to light and drought, and reproduction. June and October featured genetic studies, although each with a very different focus. June’s cover celebrated the genome sequencing of the wild relatives of the classic model plant Petunia, while in October, it was the ancestors of the Maroons of Suriname, illuminated by the rice that they carried with them from Africa.

As well as papers looking at the molecular scale, Nature Plants has an interest in whole-organism studies. For example, our July cover featured the desert moss Syntrichia caninervis, which collects what little water there is in the air — and from dew fog and occasionally rain — using small hairs at the end of its leaves. Two months earlier, our cover showed ants feeding on nectar that was being released from wounds in the leaves of bittersweet nightshade, Solanum dulcamara. The plant produces sugary nectar in this unusual way as a defence mechanism, attracting ants that will attack and protect the plants from herbivores such as beetles and slugs that caused the damage in the first place.

The productivity and sustainability of organic farming practices came under the spotlight in February, while iridescent leaves were reflected in our cover in November. These two studies proved to be some of our most popular stories of the year in the wider media. The paper on the photonic properties of Begonia leaves, and how these might increase the efficiency of their photosynthesis in the lower-light environment of the forest understorey that is their natural habitat, was covered by over 30 news organizations worldwide. Meanwhile, the Review of organic farming was covered almost as much and produced a twitter flurry of 300 or so tweets. [4]

Model of Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy of the Thousand Islands Tourism Area – Jakarta

Aims/objective: To design a model of sustainable tourism development strategy in small islands tourism areas in developing countries so that the development of tourism can eliminate environmental problems that endanger the sustainability of tourism resources and threats to the economic welfare of local communities

Design: This paper utilizes strategic management concepts through an analytical framework formulation approach which consists of SWOT analysis, alternative strategy, quantitative strategic planning matrix and choice of sustainable tourism development strategy and ends with the modeling of strategy development of sustainable tourism

Methodology: According to the data and analysis, this approach is a qualitative approach, utilizing the Miles and Huberman model analytics. The technique of taking the number of participants is a snowball sampling

Results: This paper introduces the concept of a strategic model of sustainable tourism development that is easier to apply to small islands surveys so that it will be useful for all stakeholders in different areas of small islands conservation. [5]

Reference

[1] Jovicic, D.Z., 2019. From the traditional understanding of tourism destination to the smart tourism destination. Current Issues in Tourism22(3), pp.276-282.(Web Link)

[2] Lee, T.H. and Jan, F.H., 2019. Can community-based tourism contribute to sustainable development? Evidence from residents’ perceptions of the sustainability. Tourism Management70, pp.368-380.(Web Link)

[3] Poyyamoli, G., 2019. Eco-cultural tourism for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of remote ecosystems in the third world. In Sustainable Tourism: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice (pp. 144-166). IGI Global.(Web Link)

[4] Cover crop

Nature Plants volume3, Article number: 16219 (2017)(Web Link)

[5] Sulistyadi, Y., Eddyono, F. and Hasibuan, B. (2017) “Model of Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy of the Thousand Islands Tourism Area – Jakarta”, Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, 19(1), pp. 1-17. doi: 10.9734/JEMT/2017/35989.(Web Link)

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