News Update on Social Support Research: May – 2019

Sources of Social Support and Mental Health Among LGB Youth

 Disparities in psychosocial adjustment have been identified for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth, yet research that explores multiple sources of social support among subgroups of LGB youth is sparse. Social support theory is used as a framework to analyze the ways that different sources of support might promote better psychosocial adjustment for LGB youth. Data from a diverse sample among LGB youth (N = 835) were used to understand how social support from a close friend, teachers, classmates, and parents might be differently associated with depression and self-esteem. We found that parent support and its importance to the participant were consistently related to higher self-esteem and lower depression for all youth, except for lesbians for whom no forms of social support were associated with self-esteem. Teacher and classmate support influenced some subgroups more than others. These results provide parents, clinicians, and schools a roadmap to assist youth navigate supports. [1]

Searching for Social Support Moderates the Relationship Between Polyvictimization and Externalizing Symptoms: A Brief Report

Externalizing disorders emerge most readily during adolescence, especially in traumatized population. In this context, it is necessary to determine the factors influencing these disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of polyvictimization in developing externalizing symptoms while considering the possible effects of active coping related to the search for social support. The participants were 78 adolescents (M = 14.18, SD = 1.63) cared for in child and adolescent protection public services in Chile. The results of multiple regression analysis indicated that polyvictimization was a good predictor of externalizing symptoms, but searching for social support acted as a moderator in that relationship. The results show that searching for social support acts as a protective factor and decreases the adverse influence of polyvictimization over externalizing symptoms. Prevention and intervention programs should consider improvements in the coping strategies of poly-victims with externalizing problems. [2]

Social Support, Insomnia, and Adherence to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia After Cancer Treatment

Objective/Background: whereas cognitive-behavioral medical aid for sleep disorder (CBT-I) has been shown to be efficacious in treating cancer survivors’ insomnia, 30–60% of people have problem adhering to intervention parts. Psychosocial predictors of adherence and response to CBT-I, like social support, haven’t been examined in intervention studies for cancer survivors. Participants: information from a randomised placebo-controlled two x 2 trial of CBT-I and armodafinil (a wakefulness promoting agent) were accustomed assess adherence. cardinal cancer survivors participated within the trial (mean age fifty six, 86% female, sixty eight breast cancer). Methods: CBT-I and armodafinil were administered over the course of seven weeks, and participants were assessed at baseline, throughout intervention, postintervention, and at a three-month follow-up. Social support was assessed employing a useful Assessment of Chronic ill health medical aid subscale, sleep disorder severity was assessed exploitation the sleep disorder Severity Index, and adherence was measured supported CBT-I sleep prescriptions. Results: At baseline, social support was negatively related  with sleep disorder severity (r = –0.30, p = 0.002) and associations between social support, CBT-I, and sleep disorder were maintained through the three-month follow-up. Social support was completely related to adherence to CBT-I throughout intervention weeks three, 4, and 5, and with overall intervention adherence. At postintervention, each social support and treatment with CBT-I severally foreseen minimized sleep disorder severity (p < zero.01) once dominant for baseline sleep disorder severity. Conclusions: Higher social support is related to higher intervention adherence and improved sleep freelance of CBT-I. further analysis is required to see whether or not social support is leveraged to boost adherence and response to CBT-I. [3]

Social support drives female dominance in the spotted hyaena

Identifying how dominance within and between the sexes is established is pivotal to understanding sexual selection and sexual conflict. In many species, members of one sex dominate those of the other in one-on-one interactions. Whether this results from a disparity in intrinsic attributes, such as strength and aggressiveness, or in extrinsic factors, such as social support, is currently unknown. We assessed the effects of both mechanisms on dominance in the spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta), a species where sexual size dimorphism is low and females often dominate males. We found that individuals with greater potential social support dominated one-on-one interactions in all social contexts, irrespective of their body mass and sex. Female dominance emerged from a disparity in social support in favour of females. This disparity was a direct consequence of male-biased dispersal and the disruptive effect of dispersal on social bonds. Accordingly, the degree of female dominance varied with the demographic and kin structure of the social groups, ranging from male and female co-dominance to complete female dominance. Our study shows that social support can drive sex-biased dominance and provides empirical evidence that a sex-role-defining trait can emerge without the direct effect of sex. [4]

Resilience and Perceived Social Support of the Caregivers Attending to Alzheimer’s Patients

The study wont to live resilience of the caregivers going to Alzheimer’s patients. populated area of Hyderabad and Secunderabad were elite and total sixty caregivers were selected purposively for conducting this study. dimensional scale of perceived social support scale that was developed by Zimet, Dahlem & Farley (1988) was wont to live perceived social support of caregiver and resilience was measured by exploitation Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) that was developed by Kathryn M. Connor and eating apple R.T. Davidson (2003). Results showed that there was no important impact of caregiver’s demographic profile except a relationship with the patient. And patient demographic profile had no important impact on the resilience of the caregiver. dimensional perceived social support had no important impact on resilience of the caregiver. therefore it will be complete that resilience is a personal characteristic. [5]

Reference

[1] Watson, R.J., Grossman, A.H. and Russell, S.T., 2019. Sources of social support and mental health among LGB youth. Youth & society51(1), pp.30-48. (Web Link)

[2] Guerra, C., Ocaranza, C. and Weinberger, K., 2019. Searching for social support moderates the relationship between polyvictimization and externalizing symptoms: A brief report. Journal of interpersonal violence34(3), pp.653-662. (Web Link)

[3] Kamen, C., Garland, S.N., Heckler, C.E., Peoples, A.R., Kleckner, I.R., Cole, C.L., Perlis, M.L., Morrow, G.R., Mustian, K.M. and Roscoe, J.A., 2019. Social support, insomnia, and adherence to cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia after cancer treatment. Behavioral sleep medicine17(1), pp.70-80. (Web Link)

[4] Social support drives female dominance in the spotted hyaena

Colin Vullioud,Eve Davidian,Bettina Wachter,François Rousset,Alexandre Courtiol & Oliver P. Höner

Nature Ecology & Evolutionvolume 3, pages71–76 (2019) (Web Link)

[5] Hemalatha, M., Banu, N., Sreedevi, P., Kiran, V. and Kameswari, S. L. (2018) “Resilience and Perceived Social Support of the Caregivers Attending to Alzheimer’s Patients”, Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 28(2), pp. 1-7. doi: 10.9734/CJAST/2018/42516. (Web Link)

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