Efficacy of a ‘functional energy drink’ in counteracting driver sleepiness
Driver temporary state may be a major explanation for serious road crashes. occasional is usually used as an efficient measure to driver temporary state. However, the caffein levels in occasional ar variable, whereas sure proprietary “functional energy drinks” (FEDs) contain best-known levels of caffein (and different ingredients). we have a tendency to investigated the effectiveness of a widely known FED in reducing temporary state in drivers. Twelve healthy young adults drove Associate in Nursing instrumented automobile machine between 14:00 and 17:00 h. Their temporary state was increased by sleep restriction to five h the night before. Following a pretreatment 30-min drive and at the start of a 30-min break, participants got double-blind 250-ml FED (containing plant product, glucose, 80-mg caffein, taurine, glucuronolactone and vitamins) vs. an impression drink with identical volume and same style however while not caffein, taurine and glucuronolactone. 
Improved Cycling Time-Trial Performance after Ingestion of a Caffeine Energy Drink
Context: Not all athletic competitions lend themselves to supplementation throughout the particular event, underscoring the importance of preexercise supplementation to increase endurance and improve exercise performance. Energy drinks are composed of ingredients that are found to extend endurance and improve physical performance.
Purpose: the aim of the study was to research the consequences of a commercially on the market energy drink, eaten before exercise, on endurance performance.
Methods: The study was a double-blind, randomized, crossover style. when a 12-hr quick, half dozen male and 6 feminine trained cyclists (mean age twenty seven.3 ± 1.7 yr, mass 68.9 ± 3.2 kg, and VO2 54.9 ± 2.3 cc • kg–1 • min–1) consumed five hundred ml of either seasoned placebo or Red Bull Energy Drink (ED; two.0 g taurine, 1.2 g glucuronolactone, one hundred sixty mg alkaloid, fifty four g saccharide, forty mg vitamin B complex, ten mg B, ten mg pyridoxal, and ten μg alimentation B12) forty min before a simulated athletics time trial. Performance was measured as time to finish a uniform quantity of labor adequate to one 60 minutes of athletics at seventieth Wmax. 
A survey of energy drink consumption patterns among college students
Background: Energy drink consumption has continued to achieve in quality since the 1997 debut of Red Bull, the present leader within the energy drink market. though energy drinks are targeted to young adult shoppers, there has been very little analysis relating to energy drink consumption patterns among faculty students within the u. s.. the aim of this study was to see energy drink consumption patterns among faculty students, prevalence and frequency of energy drink use for 6 things, particularly for meagre sleep, to extend energy (in general), whereas finding out, driving long periods of your time, drinking with alcohol whereas partying, and to treat a hangover, and prevalence of adverse aspect effects and energy drink use dose effects among faculty energy drink users. 
The top five selling UK energy drinks: implications for dental and general health
Aim Energy drinks ar wide consumed worldwide and ar recognised for his or her adverse health effects, sometimes because of their high alkaloid content. However, very little is thought concerning their impact on oral and general health. The aim of this investigation was to review the foremost well-liked energy drinks oversubscribed within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, for his or her attainable impact on oral health and contribution to fleshiness.
Materials and ways 5 drinks representing seventy fifth of the united kingdom energy drinks market were purposively hand-picked (Lucozade, Red Bull, Monster, Rockstar and Relentless). hydrogen ion concentration and sugar content were measured and their ingredients reviewed within the context of oral and general health, specializing in decay and erosion and fleshiness. 
Levels of Selected Heavy Metals in Some Imported Canned Energy Drinks in Lagos Nigeria
Background: Energy Drink area unit medicine or drink that is alleged to boost mental or physical energy. The energy in these drinks springs through a alternative of stimulants, vitamins and flavourer supplements the manufacturer has combined. completely different brands of energy drinks area unit presently in high demands during this a part of the country.
Aim: Trace metals (iron, zinc, manganese, metal and lead) were evaluated from 10 brands of energy drinks victimization Atomic thirsty photometer (AAS).
Methodology: 10 brands of foreign energy drinks that mirror the foremost fashionable brands consumed were sampled in triplicate from Yaba, Ojuelegba and Oyingbo markets in Lagos-Nigeria. The drinks were digestible by consideration 20ml of the energy drinks into Associate in Nursing evaporating dish and 10ml of Conc.HNO3 was extra. every metal was measured victimization the Atomic Absorption photometer that was originated in keeping with the wavelength resembling that of the part beneath investigation. chemical agent blank determination was accustomed correct the instrument reading. 
 Reyner, L.A. and Horne, J.A., 2002. Efficacy of a ‘functional energy drink’in counteracting driver sleepiness. Physiology & behavior, 75(3), (Web Link)
 Ivy, J.L., Kammer, L., Ding, Z., Wang, B., Bernard, J.R., Liao, Y.H. and Hwang, J., 2009. Improved cycling time-trial performance after ingestion of a caffeine energy drink. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 19(1), (Web Link)
 Malinauskas, B.M., Aeby, V.G., Overton, R.F., Carpenter-Aeby, T. and Barber-Heidal, K., 2007. A survey of energy drink consumption patterns among college students. Nutrition journal, 6(1), (Web Link)
 The top five selling UK energy drinks: implications for dental and general health
Oliver Clapp, Maria Z. Morgan & Ruth M. Fairchild
British Dental Journal volume 226, (Web Link)
 Olatunde James, O., T. Olusola, O., Olalekan, O., Bawa Shagari, A. and Oluwafunke O, O. (2018) “Levels of Selected Heavy Metals in Some Imported Canned Energy Drinks in Lagos Nigeria”, Journal of Advances in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 18(4), (Web Link)