News Update on Boko Haram Research: May – 2019

Reality Versus Perception: Toward Understanding Boko Haram in Nigeria

This article can explore the perception of people related to civil society and dealing in Boko Haram–affected areas. this may compare the fact as mirrored by former Boko Haram members. Central to the present analysis are WHO, why, and the way people become involved in Boko Haram. examination perceptions with empirical proof, civil society actors, however conjointly policymakers tasked with addressing violent political orientation, area unit reminded to not have faith in perceptions once developing and implementing preventative measures and countermeasures. in addition, a bigger than expected former feminine Boko Haram sample was enclosed that allowed a comparison to be created between the male and feminine samples, with specific relevance why and the way girls became members of Boko Haram. [1]

The child health effects of terrorism: evidence from the Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria

This study examines the impact of coercion on height-for-age z-scores, weight-for-age z-scores, weight-for-height z-scores, stunting, and wasting. mistreatment the Boko Haram uprising, it compares outcomes in Boko Haram high-active and low-active areas. A difference-in-difference and regression model identifies the in depth and intensive margin effects severally. The study uses information from the African nation Demographic and Health Survey and also the international coercion info. The results counsel that the Boko Haram uprising reduces weight-for-age and weight-for-height z-scores and will increase the chance of wasting. The proof suggests that policies targeting attention services could mitigate the long impacts of the Boko Haram uprising on human capital production.[2]

Optimal targeting under budget constraints in a humanitarian context

The paper uses Receiver in operation Characteristic (ROC) curves and connected indexes to see the optimum targeting strategy of a food voucher program for refugees. Estimations specialise in the 2014 food voucher administered by the globe Food Program to Syrian refugees in Jordan victimization information collected by the world organisation diplomat for Refugees. The paper shows the way to use mythical creature curves to optimize targeting victimization coverage rates, budgets, or impoverishment lines as guiding principles to extend the potency of a program. As humanitarian organizations operate beneath increasing budget constraints and increasing demands for potency, the planned approach addresses each issues. [3]

Toward quantifying soft power: the impact of the proliferation of information technology on governance in the Middle East

This study examines however data technology and mass communication retailers are used as soft power platforms within the geographic region within the aftermath of 9/11/2001. the main target is on web access and mobile subscriptions to envision however their proliferation has wedged government effectiveness and political stability in MENA nations from 2004 to 2014. The analysis is centred within the context of inflated yankee investment in soft power programs within the region with the goal of reducing instability and anti-Western sentiments. we tend to examine the character of such investment in relevancy data technology dependence. Understanding that the required technology may be a product of Western-centric multinationals, we tend to study the interaction between imports, economic aid and foreign direct investment (FDI), as direct metrics of foreign capital intensity and our informative variables—Internet and mobile technology usage rates. The results recommend that data technology platforms contribute to improved governance, whereas economic aid contains a negative impact. we tend to more examine if inflated government effectiveness and stability attracted FDI, as a illustration for a positive outcome of improved governance, and notice that such governmental effectualness was a successful  predictor of foreign direct investment growth, whereas political stability wasn’t. this text is printed as a part of a group on soft power. [4]

National Integration and the Challenge of Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria

Nigeria has witnessed crises that have vulnerable its peace and security since independence. within the previous few decades, particularly from the usurpation of body powers by the military, Nigerian societies are undergoing tough times vis-à-vis ethnoreligious conflagrations that impact on the nation’s integration. this is often as a results of the character of interactions among the assorted amalgamated ethnoreligious and regional teams UN agency pursue their objectives through completely different suggests that to confirm they accomplish their ends. These teams UN agency have applied militant approach in closing their primary objectives embody the Oodua People’s Congress (OPC), the Arewa People’s Congress (APC), Movement for the freeing of the Niger Delta (MEND) additionally because the current Boko Haram sect (our focus), the Fulani Herdsmen crisis, the Niger Delta Avengers, and also the native folks of Biafra. The study, hence, examines the challenge of the Boko Haram rising to national integration in Nigeria. to investigate this evil  development, the study created use of secondary information that embody the review of printed textbooks, journals, reports, etc., and also the social-structural conflict approach was adopted because the tools of study for the study. The paper shows that Boko Haram rising has exhibit a good threat to the mixing of the Nigerian state, even as it’s undermined Nigeria’s development by inflicting the loss of human lives and economic resources, dislocation of individuals, and inflated financial condition rate. The paper, therefore, recommends the requirement for a context-specific and multi-layer conflict resolution, management and bar initiative(s) encapsulating a broad-based native, regional and international collaboration between all involved stakeholders; reforms within the nation’s instructional and infrastructural sectors; and also the governments’ ought to place as their basic attention the welfare of the voters through well target-hunting policies therefore on increase citizens’ living standards and support human capital development. [5]

Reference

[1] Botha, A. and Abdile, M., 2019. Reality versus perception: toward understanding Boko Haram in Nigeria. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism42(5), pp.493-519. (Web Link)

[2] Ekhator-Mobayode, U.E. and Abebe Asfaw, A., 2019. The child health effects of terrorism: evidence from the Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria. Applied Economics51(6), pp.624-638. (Web Link)

[3] Verme, P. and Gigliarano, C., 2019. Optimal targeting under budget constraints in a humanitarian context. World Development119, pp.224-233.(Web Link)

[4] Toward quantifying soft power: the impact of the proliferation of information technology on governance in the Middle East

Nikolay Anguelov & Tiffany Kaschel

Palgrave Communications volume3, Article number: 17016 (2017) (Web Link)

[5] D. Agbaji, D., A. Akhabue, G., O. Charles, R., E. Duruaku, D., E. Egor, F., G. Pepple, U. and G. Uduma, V. (2018) “National Integration and the Challenge of Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria”, Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 2(1), pp. 1-13. Available at: http://www.journalajarr.com/index.php/AJARR/article/view/16172 (Accessed: 27May2019). (Web Link)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *