News Update on Agricultural Technology Research: May – 2019

Farmers’ perceptions and adoption of new agricultural technology: evidence from analysis in Burkina Faso and Guinea, West Africa

Economists investigation shopper demand have accumulated goodly proof showing that buyers typically have subjective preferences for characteristics of product which their demand for products is considerably littered with their perceptions of the product’s attributes. However, the role of farmers’ preferences in adoption choices have received terribly restricted attention in adoption studies conducted by economists. This paper tests the hypothesis that farmers’ perceptions of technology characteristics considerably have an effect on their adoption choices. The analysis, conducted with Book of Tobit models of contemporary sorghum and rice varietal technologies in country and Guinea, severally, powerfully supports this hypothesis. Our results offer a robust case for future adoption studies to expand the vary of variables used removed from the broad socio-economic, demographic and institutional factors to incorporate farmers’ subjective perceptions of the characteristics of latest agricultural technologies. [1]

Farmer-back-to-farmer: A model for generating acceptable agricultural technology

Based on knowledge base post-harvest team∗ analysis experience† at the International Potato Center (CIP), this paper presents a model that outlines an alternate approach to finding farm-level technological issues. The model stresses that applied analysis should begin and finish with the farmer. A series of logical activities addressing specific goals are mentioned and illustrated. [2]

Sources of innovation in agricultural technology

This paper focuses attention on environmental and biological characteristics of agriculture that form the method of technical innovation. The interaction of action ANd human purposive selection and experimentation is shown to lead to endless process of innovation putting farmers within the informal R and D systems in addition as scientists in formal R and D systems in an innovative treadmill. The importance and limitations of informal R and D are reviewed. A discussion of the characteristics and potential of formal R and D systems ends up in the identification of some major issues of policy inherent in, and specific to, the organization and management of agricultural analysis resources. These include: genetic vulnerability, decisions between environmentally specific or wide tailored technologies, the situation of analysis activity, the linkages between agricultural producers and scientists and strategies for maintaining and strengthening informal R and D systems. [3]

A Japanese Company Is Building The World’s First Autonomous Farm

All those farmers out there: you would possibly need to consider switch careers (or trying forward to retirement), as a result of unfold, a corporation based mostly in Kyoto, Japan, says it desires to form the world’s initial absolutely autonomous farm at intervals the subsequent 2 years. The firm hasn’t gone into Brobdingnagian amounts of detail regarding its plans, however the technology is reportedly in situ to form its ambitions. [4]

Organizational Level Performance of Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) under New Extension Reforms in the State of Assam

The Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA), outlined as a semi-autonomous redistributed democratic and market-driven extension model represents a shift aloof from transferring technologies for major crops to diversifying output. because the ATMA programme is underneath operation in Assam for the last 10 years, the possible queries could arise near to what extent the functions of ATMA through restaurant of activities at district level are achieved like farmer homeward-bound activities, farm info dissemination, agricultural technology refinement, validation and adoption (R-E-F-Linkage), body and capital expenses, innovative activities and alternative innovative activities etc. Keeping in sight the broad aims of the ATMA and to seek out out relevant answers on the higher than explicit  queries, a study was administered in 3 CSS-ATMA districts of Assam specifically Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon and Goalpara within the year 2015-16 with a read to seek out out the structure level performance of ATMA underneath new extension reforms. A purposive sampling technique was followed to pick the districts for the study. The results of the findings highlighted that the trend of feat of restaurant of activities as per ATMA guideline were below fifty.00 per cent within the 3 consecutive years viz., 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16 except in few activities wherever the accomplishment of activities underneath the heads “Agril. Technology Refinement, Validation and Adoption (R-E-F-Linkage)”, “Administrative/Capital Expenses” and “Innovative Activities”, were 62.50 per cent, 59.39 per cent and fifty.03 per cent severally within the year 2013-14. On the opposite hand, within the year 2014-15, the accomplishment of activities underneath the pinnacle “Other Innovative Activities” were a hundred.00 per cent. [5]

Reference

[1] Adesina, A.A. and Baidu-Forson, J., 1995. Farmers’ perceptions and adoption of new agricultural technology: evidence from analysis in Burkina Faso and Guinea, West Africa. Agricultural economics, 13(1), pp.1-9. (Web Link)

[2] Rhoades, R.E. and Booth, R.H., 1982. Farmer-back-to-farmer: a model for generating acceptable agricultural technology. Agricultural administration, 11(2), pp.127-137. (Web Link)

[3] Biggs, S.D. and Clay, E.J., 1981. Sources of innovation in agricultural technology. World Development, 9(4), pp.321-336. (Web Link)

[4] A Japanese Company Is Building The World’s First Autonomous Farm

DAVID NIELD, 5 FEB 2016 (Web Link)

[5] Deka, C., Mishra, P. and Baruah, R. (2017) “Organizational Level Performance of Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) under New Extension Reforms in the State of Assam”, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 19(2), pp. 1-7. doi: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/35795. (Web Link)

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