News Release on Natural Disasters: February -2019

Responding to natural disasters: Examining identity and prosociality within the context of a significant earthquake

How will a significant natural disaster relate to individuals’ orientation towards society? we have a tendency to collected continual cross‐sectional surveys before (n = 644) and once the 2010 Chile earthquake (n = one,389) to look at levels of national identity, prosocial values, serving to motivations, and prosocial behaviours within the context of such a fateful social event. Our analysis queries, derived from the literature on serving to in times of crisis, thought of however natural disasters might implicate identity and prosociality, likewise as however identity, prosocial values, and motivations are coupled to prosocial action once a disaster. Higher levels of national identity, serving to motivations, and disaster‐related serving to were found once the earthquake, suggesting that within the aftermath of a disaster, folks unite underneath a typical national identity and are driven to require action associated with disaster relief. National identity and prosocial values were closely coupled to serving to once the earthquake, however specific serving to motivations seldom expected prosocial behaviours. in addition, proximity to the geographical point was associated with higher levels of national identity and participation in reconstruction efforts. These findings contribute to our understanding of people’s responses to natural disasters and recommend ways in which of encouraging prosocial behaviour within the aftermath of sudden tragic events. [1]

How do natural hazards affect participation in voluntary association? The social impacts of disasters in Japanese society

This study centered on the method individuals’ past experiences with disasters and their perceived risks of disasters have an effect on their involvement in voluntary associations, that are necessary indicators of social capital. Moreover, as recent social capital studies have examined the {various} styles of associations that contribute to the formation of social capital in various ways in which, for this gift study, associations were classified as civic, reward-based, and social/recreational. The results indicate that each respondents’ experiences with disasters and their perceived risks of disasters tend to extend both the amount of associations during which they participate and their degree of involvement. However, experiences associated with disasters had a better impact on the amount of associations during which residents participate than on their degree of involvement. Individuals’ experiences with disasters conjointly magnified their tendency to affix civic associations, whereas their perceived risks of disasters magnified participation in each civic and reward-based associations. Social/recreational associations weren’t considerably full of either disaster experiences or the perceived risks of a disaster. [2]

Comparing the Economic Impact of Natural Disasters Generated by Different Input–Output Models: An Application to the 2007 Chehalis River Flood (WA)

Due to the concentration of assets in disaster‐prone zones, changes in risk landscape and within the intensity of natural events, property losses have enlarged significantly in recent decades. whereas activity these stock damages is common apply within the literature, the assessment of economic ripple effects because of business interruption remains restricted and offered estimates tend to vary considerably across models. this text focuses on the foremost in style single‐region input–output models for disaster impact analysis. It starts with the standard Wassily Leontief model then compares its assumptions and results with additional complicated methodologies (rebalancing algorithms, the successive interindustry model, the dynamic inoperability input–output model, and its inventory counterpart). whereas the calculable losses vary across models, all the figures are supported the identical event, the 2007 Chehalis watercourse flood that compact 3 rural counties in Washington State. provided that the massive majority of floods occur in rural areas, this text offers the professional person an intensive review of however future events are often assessed and steerage on model choice. [3]

Culture strongly influences coping behaviors after natural disasters

Demographic and cultural variations powerfully influence the cope designs adolescents use once they’re suffering from a natural disaster, and these disparities ought to be taken under consideration once providing services to assist them pass though these traumatic experiences, a replacement study found. [4]

Investigating Lunar Phases Impact on Natural Disasters over India

The result of satellite phases on natural disasters has been mentioned from time to time. within the gift work we’ve got created an effort to analyze the impact of satellite phases on the natural disasters viz. cyclone, earthquake, slides and floods. we’ve got discovered the increasing trend within the range of disasters over the last a hundred years. The seasonal analysis of the on top of mentioned four disasters have shown their most incidence within the monsoon season. Among all the four disasters, range of occurrences of the flood was highest in past years. it’s been discovered that in the primary and half-moon we have a tendency to had a lot of natural disasters compared to the phase of the moon and full phase of the moon. but the scholar t-test confirmed that statistically there’s no distinction between half-moon and half-moon and phase of the moon and full phase of the moon phases at zero.05 level of significance. [5]

Reference

[1] Maki A, Dwyer PC, Blazek S, Snyder M, González R, Lay S. Responding to natural disasters: Examining identity and prosociality in the context of a major earthquake. British journal of social psychology. 2019 Jan;58(1):66-87. (Web link)

[2] Lee J, Fraser T. How do natural hazards affect participation in voluntary association? The social impacts of disasters in Japanese society. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2019 Mar 1;34:108-15. (web link)

[3] FT Avelino A, Dall’erba S. Comparing the economic impact of natural disasters generated by different input–output models: An application to the 2007 Chehalis River Flood (WA). Risk analysis. 2019 Jan 1. (web link)

[4] Culture strongly influences coping behaviors after natural disasters

Date: November 2, 2018

Source: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (web link)

[5] Investigating Lunar Phases Impact on Natural Disasters over India

Jyotsna Singh

Discipline of Physics, School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban 4001, South Africa

Bhishma Tyagi

H.No. 686, Mahavir Colony, Yamunanagar 135001, India (web link)

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