The detailed new genome for maize shows the plant has deep resources for continued adaptation

A much a lot of careful reference ordering for maize has been revealed by researchers. The sequence of polymer letters within the plant’s ten chromosomes reveals however implausibly versatile it’s a characteristic that directly follows from the approach its ordering is organized. This flexibility does not solely help make a case for why maize has been thus booming since its adaptation by agriculturalists thousands of years past, however additionally bodes well for its ability to grow in new places as Earth’s climate changes. [1]

Inheritance of Weevil Resistance in Maize

The study of the inheritance and factor action of beetle resistance in maize was undertaken to employ a twelve parent [*fr1] diallel style. Seven resistant inbred lines were obtained from CIMMYT-Zimbabwe and 5 inclined lines were obtained from soils and crop analysis Branch(SCRB), Zambia. The lines were planted and crossed at Golden vale Agricultural analysis Trust(GART) within the 1998/99 season. The F2 and self-male erectile dysfunction parental lines were raised at UNZA field station within the winter of 1999 below irrigation. thanks to the loss of some crosses and inbred lines because of unsuccessful seed production, eight oldsters and twenty-eight crosses were employed in the genetic analysis. every|for every} of those entries 3 replicates each of a hundred grams was ready and place during a clean glass jar of zero.5 l volume. The jars were indiscriminately organized on 3 shelves during a controlled setting area at 25+_2degrees stargazer and at 70+_5% ratio. every entry appeared once on every shelf and every shelf was treated as a block. Twenty adult cut maize weevils were placed in every jar containing grain and therefore the jars were closed with textile firmly tied with the rubber bands to stop the insects from escaping. [2]

Management of the consortium between maize and Urochloa brizantha with tembotrione subdoses.

Consortium between maize crop and forage species managed with weed killer scale back doses are widely employed in the crop integration system for pasture formation. However, answers to the current management in each maize and forage have given totally different responses. during this analysis, evaluated the corn productivity, weed population dynamics, and yield and quality characteristics of pasture the Urochloa brizantha in 3 cuts once it had been fashioned once the harvest of corn treated with tembotrione sub-doses. The sub does tested were: 0; three.78; 7.56; 15.12 e 22.68 g ha<sup>-1</sup>. [3]

Decomposition and release of nutrients from crop residues on soybean-maize cropping systems.

Nutrients found in residues from agricultural cultures are vital reserves for resultant crops. the target was to assess the decomposition and unharness of nutrients from totally different crop residues for resultant soybean cultivation. The study was conducted in Mid-Northern Mato Grosso State, Brazil. The residual straw of cropping systems – maize, brachiaria and maize/brachiaria association – were sampled, weighted, disposed in litter baggage and so distributed on the soil. The adopted experimental style followed the fully irregular arrangement with 3 repetitions. Treatments were determined supported harvest, that was performed each fourteen days inside one hundred forty days for maize, and inside 154 days for brachiaria and for the association. [4]

Biofortification of Maize Grain with Zinc and Iron by Using Fertilizing Approach

The study was conducted to evaluate the response of hybrid maize towards zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) fertilization applied both as soil and foliar application. It is a possible way to increase the zinc and iron concentration in maize grain by the application of Zn and Fe fertilizers. To verify the claim an experiment was conducted. Maize hybrid was selected and three levels of Zn & Fe (viz.10, 20 and 30 kg ha-1) were applied at the sowing time. The foliar appliance of zinc sulfate and iron sulfate at the rate of 0.1% Zn and Fe was applied. Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium were applied at recommended levels. There was a control plot with no use of Zn and Fe. Maize crop was harvested, grains were separated. Maize grain yield was recorded and analyzed for their Zn and Fe content. The results indicated that maize grain yield and their Zn and Fe content responded positively towards Zn and Fe application applied as soil or foliar application. [5]

Reference

[1] Detailed new genome for maize shows the plant has deep resources for continued adaptation

Date: June 12, 2017, Source: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (web link)

[2] Inheritance of Weevil Resistance in Maize

Lebaka N. Inheritance of Weevil Resistance in Maize (Doctoral dissertation). (web link)

[3] Management of the consortium between maize and Urochloa brizantha with tembotrione subdoses.

Martins DA, Tavares CJ, Jakelaitis A, Sousa JB, da Silveira Maia VM, de Sousa RJ, Araújo AC. Management of the consortium between maize and Urochloa brizantha with tembotrione subdoses. Brazilian Journal of Agricultural Sciences/Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias. 2018 Apr 1;13(2). (web link)

[4] Decomposition and release of nutrients from crop residues on soybean-maize cropping systems.

Cavalli E, Lange A, Cavalli C, Behling M. Decomposition and release of nutrients from crop residues on soybean-maize cropping systems. Brazilian Journal of Agricultural Sciences/Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias. 2018 Apr 1;13(2). (web link)

[5] Biofortification of Maize Grain with Zinc and Iron by Using Fertilizing Approach

Ifra Saleem1*, Shahid Javid1, Fatima Bibi1, Shabana Ehsan1, Abid Niaz1 and Zahid Ashfaq Ahmad1

1Soil Chemistry Section, Institute of Soil Chemistry and Environmental Sciences (ISCES), Ayub Agricultural Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad, Pakistan. (web link)

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