Measurement and evaluation of technology transfer: review of technology transfer mechanisms and indicators

The locus of industrial innovation is shifting toward industrial networks, in which parallel development processes in individual interconnected actors frequently dominate. This development presents new challenges for the measurement and evaluation of technology transfer. In this paper, various technology transfer mechanisms and indicators are classified and discussed. Technology transfer mechanisms and indicators are found to be phase, interface and component dependent. It is argued that process indicators should be further developed to complement the picture given by traditional input–output indicators of technology transfer. [1]

Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory

My purpose is to review, synthesize and criticize the voluminous, multidisciplinary literature on technology transfer. To reduce the literature to manageable proportions, I focus chiefly (not exclusively) on recent literature on domestic technology transfer from universities and government laboratories. [2]

Foreign investment and technology transfer: A simple model
This paper develops a model in which international technology transfer through foreign direct investment emerges as an endogenized equilibrium phenomenon, resulting from the strategic interaction between subsidiaries of multinational corporations and host country firms. The model explicitly recognizes two types of costs — the costs to the multinational of transferring technology to its subsidiaries and the learning costs of domestic firms. The analysis points to the importance of the learning efforts of host-country firms in increasing the rate at which MNCs transfer technology. The paper also explores some of the reasons why learning investment in host country firms may be suboptimal. [3]

Empirical Analysis of the Relationship between FDI, Technology Transfer and Economic Growth in Nigeria

Technology transfer (TT) and foreign direct investment (FDI) have been identified as an important conduit in the promotion of economic development. But many developing nations fear the opening up of their markets to competition and foreign investment. This paper empirically studies the relationship between FDI, TT and economic growth in Nigeria. Domestic investment (DI), human capital and the degree of openness are crucial variables used in this study mechanism. The acceptance of the twin concept of FDI and TT as a tool for economic growth and convergence in LDC has been a long item even by policy makers and economists in planning macroeconomic policy objectives and object of desired attainment. It is now a debate if exogenous or endogenous factors drive economic growth. Our objective for this research is to present the trend and ascertain the impact of FDI, technology transfer and openness of the Nigerian economy against domestic investment and the available human capital resource on economic growth. Analytical measure was used to present the trend of the variables and econometric methodology was used to provide empirical evidence on the impact of endogenous and exogenous variable in the Nigeria context. Conclusions from the findings were that domestic and external variables constitute economic growth. [4]

Effectiveness of Agricultural Information and Communication Center in Technology Transfer to the Farmers in Bangladesh

Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in information dissemination in agriculture sector is getting popular day by day especially in technology transfer to the farmers. While various forms of ICT devices and centers abound in Bangladesh today. The recent innovation of agricultural information delivery developed by the government initiative started with 20 Agricultural Information and Communication Center (AICC) and planned to increase the numbers to cover most of the Agro-Ecological Regions of the country. In connection to this issue, this study was undertaken to determine the effectiveness of Agricultural Information and Communication Centers (AICC) in technology transfer to farmers. [5]

Reference

[1]  Autio, E. and Laamanen, T., 1995. Measurement and evaluation of technology transfer: review of technology transfer mechanisms and indicators. International Journal of Technology Management, 10(7-8), pp.643-664.

[2] Bozeman, B., 2000. Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory. Research policy29(4-5), pp.627-655.

[3] Wang, J.Y. and Blomström, M., 1992. Foreign investment and technology transfer: A simple model. European economic review, 36(1), pp.137-155.

[4] Ekperiware, M.C. and Adepoju, A.O., 2013. Empirical analysis of the relationship between FDI, technology transfer and economic growth in Nigeria. Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, pp.265-276.

[5] Khan, M.S., Rahman, M.H. and Uddin, M.N., 2017. Effectiveness of Agricultural Information and Communication Center in Technology Transfer to the Farmers in Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, pp.1-11.

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