Gender, Social-Relationship Involvement, and Depression

Much of current thinking and research on gender differences in exposure and vulnerability to stress draws on the idea that the salience of social relationships for females is a major factor in their mental health. This study focused on gender differences in depressed mood, and the role of various interpersonal stresses, social supports, and relational involvements in accounting for this difference among adolescents. Findings from cross-sectional analyses using multiple-regression techniques reveal girls’ higher levels of interpersonal caring orientation and involvement in the problems of significant others accounts for approximately 25% of the gender difference in distress. [1]

Enhancing group recommendation by incorporating social relationship interactions

Group recommendation, which makes recommendations to a group of users instead of individuals, has become increasingly important in both the workspace and people’s social activities, such as brainstorming sessions for coworkers and social TV for family members or friends. Group recommendation is a challenging problem due to the dynamics of group memberships and diversity of group members. Previous work focused mainly on the content interests of group members and ignored the social characteristics within a group, resulting in suboptimal group recommendation performance. [2]

Evaluating Anthropomorphic Product Recommendation Agents: A Social Relationship Perspective to Designing Information Systems

In online shopping environments, the product-advising function originally performed by salespeople is being increasingly taken over by software-based product recommendation agents (PRAs). However, the literature has mostly focused on the functionality design and utilitarian value of such decision support systems, mostly ignoring the potential social influence they could exert on their users. [3]

A Negative Association between Social Support and Depression in the Elderly Population of Amirkola City

Introduction: Depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in old age. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between social support and depression in elderly population of Amirkola city, northern Iran. Also, a few studies have been conducted to determine whether there is any association between social support and depression in different cultural settings, e.g. in western countries.
Methodology: This cross sectional study came from the Amirkola Health and Ageing Project (AHAP), that was undertaken among 1612 older people aged 60 years and over (881 males and 731 females) in Amirkola. The sampling method was done using the census records. Depression was assessed via the shortened 15 item version of Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and social support measured by the shortened 11 item version of the Duke Social Support Index (DSSI). [4]

Social Relationship Attitudes of Student-athletes toward Heterosexual, Gay, and Lesbian Peers in Taiwan

This study investigated Taiwanese student-athletes’ social relationship attitudes toward heterosexual, gay, and lesbian peers in Taiwan. Participants were 192 male and 156 female heterosexual student-athletes from a sports university in Taiwan. The Social Relationship Attitudes toward Heterosexual/Gay/Lesbian Peers scales were used to measure participants’ attitudes toward their peers with different sexual orientations. [5]


[1] Gore, S., Aseltine Jr, R.H. and Colten, M.E., 1993. Gender, social-relationship involvement, and depression. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 3(2), pp.101-125.

[2] Gartrell, M., Xing, X., Lv, Q., Beach, A., Han, R., Mishra, S. and Seada, K., 2010, November. Enhancing group recommendation by incorporating social relationship interactions. In Proceedings of the 16th ACM international conference on Supporting group work (pp. 97-106).

[3] Qiu, L. and Benbasat, I., 2009. Evaluating anthropomorphic product recommendation agents: A social relationship perspective to designing information systems. Journal of management information systems, 25(4), pp.145-182.

[4] Faramarzi, M., Hosseini, S., Cumming, R. G., Kheirkhah, F., Parsaei, F., Ghasemi, N. and Bijani, A. (2015) “A Negative Association between Social Support and Depression in the Elderly Population of Amirkola City”, Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 8(8), pp. 707-716. doi: 10.9734/BJMMR/2015/15111.

[5] Chang, T.-S., Hsu, W.-T. and Wang, T.-W. (2016) “Social Relationship Attitudes of Student-athletes toward Heterosexual, Gay, and Lesbian Peers in Taiwan”, Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 16(3), pp. 1-11. doi: 10.9734/BJESBS/2016/26

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