Introduction: Fractures and dislocations are a significant public health and economic burden but the
epidemiology of fracture dislocations is poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the
prevalence and distribution of various fracture dislocations.
Materials and Methods: Fracture dislocation cases who underwent closed reduction by a general
surgeon where no Orthopaedician was available were recorded. The inclusion criteria were all
patients admitted after trauma. The demographic details of the patients who reported to the hospital
were extracted and the type and site of fracture dislocations were classified according to their age and
Results: 63.82% were male as compared to 36.17% of female patients. The highest incidence of
27.65% occurred in the age group of 20-30 years. In males, the highest incidence of 33.33% occurred
in the age group of 20-30 years. In females, the highest incidence of 12.76% occurred in the age
group of 60-70 years. The highest number of fracture dislocations occurred in the month of February.
65.95% of fracture dislocation were right sided as compared to 34.04% on the left side. 29.78%
patients had fracture lower end of radius which was the most common fracture encountered.
Conclusion: Fracture lower end of radius was the most common fracture encountered; males
sustained higher incidence of fracture dislocations and the age group of 20-30 years was most
commonly involved. In females, the highest incidence occurred in the age group of 60-70 years. Right
sided fracture dislocations were commoner. The highest incidence occurred in the month of February.
Author (s) Details
Dr. Gurmeet Singh Sarla
Department of General Surgery, Military Hospital, Devlali Cantt, Nasik, Maharashtra, India.
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